Quick answer
"Dónde" is an adverb which is often translated as "where", and "cuánto" is an adjective which is often translated as "how much". Learn more about the difference between "dónde" and "cuánto" below.
dónde(
dohn
-
deh
)
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (in questions)
a. where
¿Dónde quieren construir el edificio los arquitectos?Where do the architects want to build the building?
2.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(in questions)
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
a. how
¿Dónde iba a saber que cambiaste de opinión si no me lo dijiste?How was I to know that you'd changed your mind if you didn't tell me?
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cuánto(
kwahn
-
toh
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (interrogative)
a. how much (quantity, singular)
¿Cuánto arroz se necesita para la paella?How much rice do you need for a paella?
b. how many (quantity, plural)
¿Cuántos regalos les han dado en Navidad?How many presents did you get for Christmas?
2. (exclamatory)
a. what a lot of
¡Cuántos coches tienen en la exposición!What a lot of cars they have at the show!
b. so much (uncountable)
¡Cuánto dinero se han gastado!They have spent so much money!
c. so many (countable)
¡Cuántos caramelos tiene escondidos el abuelo en su casa!Grandpa has so many candies hidden in his house!
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
3. (interrogative)
a. how much (quantity, singular)
¿Cuánto te han costado las entradas?How much did you pay for the tickets?
b. how many (quantity, plural)
¿Cuántos de ustedes están dispuestos a ir a la huelga?How many of you are ready to go on strike?
c. how long (time)
¿Sabe cuánto durará la charla?Do you know how long the talk will take?
4. (exclamatory)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
¡Cuánto te tardaste en llegar!It's taken you ages to get here!
¡Cuántos han venido a la fiesta!So many people have come to the party!
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
5. (interrogative)
a. how much (quantity)
¿Cuánto quiere que le sirva?How much shall I serve you?
b. how far (distance)
¿Cuánto hay hasta la próxima ciudad?How far is it to the nearest city?
6. (exclamatory)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
¡Cuánto quiero que me lleves a ese restaurante de nuevo!I want you to take me back to that restaurant so badly!
¡Cuánto te he echado de menos!I've missed you so much!
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