Quick answer
"Cull" is a noun which is often translated as "el sacrificio", and "choose" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "escoger". Learn more about the difference between "cull" and "choose" below.
cull
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (act of culling)
a. el sacrificio
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The shepherd's son dreaded the cull, but he knew it was necessary.El hijo del pastor le tenía pavor al sacrificio, pero sabía que era necesario.
b. la matanza selectiva
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Various environmental organizations are against the seal cull.Muchas organizaciones ambientales están en contra de la matanza selectiva de focas.
2. (inferior product)
a. los descartes
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The chef bought lobster culls at a discounted price to make a stew.El chef compró descartes de bogavante a un precio reducido para hacer un guiso.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
3. (to kill)
a. sacrificar
The farmer culled the least healthy of the sheep.El granjero sacrificó a las ovejas menos sanas.
4. (to select)
a. seleccionar
The band culled some of their best live recordings of the previous five years for the album.La banda seleccionó unas de sus mejores grabaciones en vivo de los cinco años anteriores para el álbum.
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choose(
chuz
)
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to make a selection)
a. escoger
You have to choose between the two job offers.Tienes que escoger entre las dos ofertas de trabajo.
b. elegir
There are many options to choose from.Hay muchas opciones entre las que elegir.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
2. (to select)
a. elegir
I chose the red dress for my big night.Elegí el vestido rojo para mi gran noche.
b. escoger
Choose whatever you prefer, it's on the house.Escoja lo que prefiera, invita la casa.
3. (to decide to; used with "to")
a. decidir
We could have moved to New York, but we chose to stay here.Podríamos habernos ido a vivir a Nueva York, pero decidimos quedarnos aquí.
b. optar por
I chose to be self-employed instead of working for a firm.Opté por trabajar por mi cuenta en lugar de trabajar para una empresa.
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