Quick answer
"Counter" is a noun which is often translated as "el mostrador", and "sink" is a noun which is often translated as "el lavabo". Learn more about the difference between "counter" and "sink" below.
counter(
kaun
-
tuhr
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (work surface)
a. el mostrador
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(in a store or restaurant)
You'll find screwdrivers at the counter of any hardware store.Encontrarás destornilladores en el mostrador de cualquier ferretería.
b. la ventanilla
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(in a bank, government office or post office)
Taxpayers lined up at the information counter of the IRS office.Los contribuyentes hacían cola en la ventanilla de información de la delegación de Hacienda.
c. la barra
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(in a bar)
She left her empty glass on the counter and paid.Dejó su vaso vacío en la barra y pagó.
d. la cubierta
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(in a kitchen)
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
I spilled some juice on the counter.Derramé jugo en la cubierta.
e. la mesada
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(in a kitchen)
Regionalism used in Argentina
(Argentina)
Leave the groceries on the counter. I'll put them in the fridge later.Deja la compra en la mesada. Luego la colocaré en el refrigerador.
f. la encimera
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(in a kitchen)
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
I chose a granite counter for my kitchen because it's easy to clean.Elegí una encimera de granito para mi cocina porque es fácil de limpiar.
2. (games)
a. la ficha
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
In backgammon, each player needs 15 counters.En el backgammon, cada jugador necesita 15 fichas.
3. (machine or device)
a. el contador
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Place the stack of notes in the counter and it will count it for you.Pon el fajo de billetes en el contador y te los contará.
4. (counterbalance)
a. el contrapeso
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Work on the project acted as a counter to her depression.El trabajo en el proyecto servía de contrapeso a su depresión.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
5. (to express opposition; used with "to")
a. en contra de
This idea runs counter to the conservative view on immigration.Esta idea está en contra de la posición de los conservadores sobre inmigración.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
6. (to oppose)
a. contrarrestar (a negative factor or unwanted effect)
To counter the students' lack of interest, the school will launch a new program of activities.Para contrarrestar la falta de interés de los alumnos, la escuela emprenderá un nuevo programa de actividades.
b. rebatir (an argument or opinion)
I countered his argument with a quotation from his own report.Rebatí su argumento citando su propio informe.
c. replicar (as an answer)
"It's not a lie!" he countered."¡No es mentira!", replicó.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
7. (to respond)
a. responder
They countered by declaring war on Britain.Respondieron declarando la guerra a Gran Bretaña.
b. contraatacar (sports or games)
They countered with a second goal.Contraatacaron marcando un segundo gol.
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sink(
sihngk
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (in the bathroom)
a. el lavabo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Don't touch the sink. I just cleaned it with bleach.No toquen el lavabo; lo acabo de limpiar con lejía.
b. el lavamanos
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Wash your hands in the sink before having lunch.Lávate las manos en el lavamanos antes de comer.
2. (in the kitchen)
a. el fregadero
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Leave the dirty dishes in the sink.Deja los platos sucios en el fregadero.
b. la pila
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Do the dishes in the sink.Lava los platos en la pila.
c. la pileta
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Wash the glasses in the sink with dish soap.Lava los vasos en la pileta con jabón lavavajillas.
d. el lavaplatos
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(Andes)
Regionalism used in Chile
(Chile)
I need to get the sink repaired - it's got a crack.Tengo que hacer reparar el lavaplatos. Tiene una rajadura.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
3. (to submerge)
a. hundir
The storm sank the ship.La tormenta hundió el barco.
4. (to ruin)
a. acabar con
The army sank the coup d'état.El ejército acabó con el golpe de estado.
5. (to open up)
a. excavar
They sank a tunnel into the mountain that connects both cities.Excavaron un túnel en la montaña que conecta ambas ciudades.
b. abrir
I was ordered to sink a trench to put the line underground.Me mandaron abrir una zanja para poner la línea bajo tierra.
6. (to bury)
a. enterrar
The pipes are sunk into the ground seven feet deep.Las tuberías están enterradas en el suelo a siete pies.
7. (to invest)
a. invertir
My parents are sinking a lot of money into my education.Mis padres están invirtiendo mucho dinero en mi educación.
8. (sports)
a. embocar
The golfer sank the ball in the hole and won the competition.El golfista embocó la pelota en el hoyo y ganó la competición.
b. meter
The player sank two goals during the match.El jugador metió dos goles durante el partido.
9.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to down) (United Kingdom)
a. tragarse
We ate dinner, sank a couple of drinks, and went to bed exhausted.Cenamos, nos tragamos un par de copas y nos fuimos a dormir exhaustos.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
10. (to submerge)
a. hundirse
The stone sank to the bottom of the lake.La piedra se hundió hasta el fondo del lago.
11. (to slump)
a. arrellanarse
I sank into the first seat I saw.Me arrellané en el primer asiento que vi.
b. desplomarse
I was so tired that I sank into my bed.Estaba tan cansado que me desplomé en la cama.
12. (to lapse)
a. hundirse
Their family had sunk into poverty.Su familia se había hundido en la miseria.
13. (to fall)
a. caer en picado
The company's benefits sank last quarter.Los beneficios de la empresa cayeron en picado el trimestre pasado.
14. (to deteriorate)
a. empeorar
His health was sinking, and he knew that his death was approaching.Su salud empeoraba y sabía que su muerte se estaba acercando.
b. estar peor
The patient was sinking fast.El paciente estaba cada vez peor.
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