Quick answer
"Complain" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "quejarse", and "complaint" is a noun which is often translated as "la queja". Learn more about the difference between "complain" and "complaint" below.
complain(
kuhm
-
pleyn
)
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to grumble)
a. quejarse
Pessimists complain about everything.Los pesimistas se quejan de todo.
b. protestar
Stop complaining and do something!¡Deja de protestar y haz algo!
2. (to make a complaint)
a. reclamar
Clients were continuously complaining to the manager.Los clientes reclamaban continuamente al encargado.
b. presentar una reclamación
You need to complain in writing.Tienes que presentar una reclamación por escrito.
c. elevar una queja
The attorney complained to the judge.El abogado elevó una queja al juez.
3. (medicine)
a. quejarse
He complained of back pain.Se quejaba de dolor de espalda.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
4. (to grumble about)
a. quejarse
She complained that nobody ever called her.Se quejó de que nadie la llamaba nunca.
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complaint(
kuhm
-
pleynt
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (statement of dissatisfaction)
a. la queja
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The club has a box for complaints and suggestions near the entrance.El club tiene un buzón de quejas y sugerencias cerca de la entrada.
b. el reclamo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
The list of complaints about the previous administration is very long.La lista de reclamos contra la administración anterior es muy larga.
c. la reclamación
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I'm going to send a complaint to the company that made this wobbly table.Voy a mandar una reclamación a la empresa que fabricó esta mesa inestable.
2. (legal)
a. la denuncia
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Rafael called the police to make a complaint against his noisy neighbors.Rafael llamó a la policía para registrar una denuncia contra sus vecinos escandalosos.
b. la querella
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(in court)
The plaintiff stood to present her complaint to the judge.El demandante se paró para presentar su querella ante el juez.
3. (medicine)
a. la dolencia
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Francisco is in bed with a back complaint.Francisco está en cama por una dolencia de espalda.
b. la afección
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The archbishop is hospitalized due to a heart complaint.El arzobispo está internado por una afección cardíaca.
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