Quick answer
"Come down with" is a transitive verb phrase which is often translated as "caer enfermo de", and "put down" is a transitive verb phrase which is often translated as "dejar". Learn more about the difference between "come down with" and "put down" below.
come down with
A transitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and requires a direct object (e.g. Take out the trash.).
transitive verb phrase
1. (general)
a. caer enfermo de
The doctor told the family that Paulina had come down with measles.El doctor le dijo a la familia que Paulina había caído enferma de sarampión.
b. coger
Toni came down with a fever last night, but he's feeling a little better today.Toni cogió una fiebre anoche, pero hoy se siente un poco mejor.
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put down(
poot
 
daun
)
A transitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and requires a direct object (e.g. Take out the trash.).
transitive verb phrase
1. (to place)
a. dejar
Can you put down your phone for a second? I want to talk to you.¿Puedes dejar tu celular tantito? Quiero hablar contigo.
I put the book down right here, and now it's gone.Dejé el libro aquí mismo, y ahora no está.
b. colgar (telephone)
I said goodbye to him and put the phone down.Me despedí de él y colgué el teléfono.
2. (to lay)
a. colocar
We put down mousetraps in the attic.Colocamos ratoneras en la buhardilla.
b. poner
We decided to put down a carpet because the floor was so cold in the wintertime.Decidimos poner una alfombra porque el suelo estaba muy frío en invierno.
3. (to lower)
a. bajar
Will you put the blinds down? I'm going to take a nap for a bit.¿Bajarías las persianas? Voy a echarme a dormir un rato.
4. (to write down)
a. anotar
Make sure you put this down; it's important.Asegúrense de anotar esto; es importante.
b. apuntar
Would you put your phone number down for me?¿Me apuntarías tu número de teléfono?
c. poner (name)
We'd like a table for four people. - What name can I put down?Nos gustaría una mesa para cuatro personas. - ¿Qué nombre pongo?
d. inscribir (name)
I've put us all down to run a marathon!¡Nos he inscrito para correr un maratón!
e. escribir
I'll put the appointment down in my calendar as a reminder.Escribiré la cita en mi agenda como recordatorio.
f. poner por escrito
The secretary put down everything her boss said.La secretaria puso por escrito todo lo que dijo su jefe.
5. (to put a stop to)
a. reprimir
The king's troops put down the rebellion in the north.Las tropas del rey reprimieron la rebelión en el norte.
b. sofocar
The captain put down the mutiny by throwing the boatswain overboard.El capitán sofocó el motín echando al contramaestre por la borda.
6. (to euthanize)
a. sacrificar (animal)
Our dog was old and and he was suffering, so we made the decision to have him put down.Nuestro perro era viejo y estaba sufriendo, así que tomamos la decisión de sacrificarlo.
b. poner a dormir (animal)
The vet said there was nothing else she could do, so we had to put our cat down.La veterinaria nos dijo que no había más nada que podía hacer para nuestro gato, así que lo pusimos a dormir.
7. (to allow to get down)
a. dejar (passenger)
The cab driver put us down on the corner.El taxista nos dejó en la esquina.
8. (to attribute)
a. atribuir
They put the events down to nothing more than a strange coincidence.Atribuyeron los eventos a nada más que una extraña casualidad.
9. (to insult)
a. rebajar
Don't put your brother down. It's not very nice.No rebajes a tu hermano. No es muy agradable.
b. menospreciar (merit)
The professor put down his colleague's paper in front of the entire conference.El profesor menospreció la ponencia de su colega delante de todos los asistentes a la conferencia.
10. (to make a partial payment)
a. dejar un depósito
We were able to put down $2000 on the car.Pudimos dejar un depósito de $2000 para el carro.
11. (to propose)
a. presentar (motion)
The councilman put down a motion to renovate the park.El concejal presentó una moción para renovar el parque.
12. (to criticize oneself)
a. menospreciarse
Don't put yourself down just because you made a mistake.No te menosprecies tan solo por haber cometido un error.
An intransitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and does not require a direct object (e.g. Everybody please stand up.).
intransitive verb phrase
13. (to land)
a. aterrizar (plane)
The plane put down at ten o'clock.El avión aterrizó a las diez.
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