Quick answer
"Claim" is a noun which is often translated as "la afirmación", and "infer" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "inferir". Learn more about the difference between "claim" and "infer" below.
claim(
kleym
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (assertion)
a. la afirmación
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Her claim that she was only obeying orders is difficult to believe.Su afirmación de que se limitaba a obedecer órdenes es difícil de creer.
2. (demand)
a. la reclamación
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(insurance)
If you want to collect the money, you need to present an insurance claim.Para cobrar el dinero del seguro, tienes que presentar una reclamación.
b. la demanda
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(legal)
I have decided to file a claim against the driver of the car.He decidido presentar una demanda contra el conductor del coche.
3. (entitlement)
a. el derecho
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I have a claim to this house.Tengo derechos sobre esta casa.
4. (request)
a. la petición
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Their asylum claim was rejected.Su petición de asilo fue rechazada.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
5. (to assert)
a. afirmar
The girl claimed that someone had stolen her money.La chica afirmó que alguien le había robado el dinero.
b. asegurar
Percival claimed he'd written a bestseller.Percival aseguró haber escrito un bestseller.
c. decir
Marcus claims to have seen a ghost.Marcus dice haber visto un fantasma.
6. (to demand)
a. reclamar
They claimed compensation from the government.Reclamaron una compensación del gobierno.
b. reivindicar
We claim our right to vote.Reivindicamos nuestro derecho al voto.
7. (to state title to)
a. reclamar
The prince claimed his right to the throne when his older brother died.El príncipe reclamó su derecho al trono al morir su hermano mayor.
b. reivindicar
Several countries claimed the territory after the Second World War.Varios países reivindicaron el territorio después de la Segunda Guerra Mundial.
8. (to get back)
a. reclamar
I had to go back to the airport to claim a bag I forgot to pick up.Tuve que volver al aeropuerto para reclamar una maleta que olvidé recoger.
9. (to apply for)
a. solicitar
To claim a pension you must produce your employment records.Para solicitar una pensión tiene que presentar su historial laboral.
10. (to receive)
a. cobrar
He waited in line for one hour to claim his unemployment check.Hizo una hora de cola para cobrar el cheque del paro.
11. (to cause losses)
a. cobrarse
The tsunami claimed thousands of lives.El tsunami se cobró miles de vidas.
12. (to request)
a. solicitar
You may claim payment for future hospital bills if you are a victim in a serious accident.Puedes solicitar el pago de las futuras facturas de hospital si eres una víctima en un accidente severo.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
13. (to make a demand)
a. presentar una reclamación
They claimed for damages.Presentaron una reclamación por daños y perjuicios.
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infer(
ihn
-
fuhr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to conclude)
a. inferir
We can safely infer from the data that there is no correlation between the two variables.Podemos inferir de los datos con certeza que no hay ninguna correlación entre las dos variables.
b. deducir
She inferred from the lack of responses that no one would be attending the party.Dedujo de la falta de respuestas que nadie asistiría a la fiesta.
2. (to imply)
a. insinuar
My student's father inferred that I was an unqualified teacher.El padre de mi alumno insinuó que yo era un docente no cualificado.
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