Quick answer
"Choose" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "escoger", and "elect" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "elegir". Learn more about the difference between "choose" and "elect" below.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to make a selection)
a. escoger
You have to choose between the two job offers.Tienes que escoger entre las dos ofertas de trabajo.
b. elegir
There are many options to choose from.Hay muchas opciones entre las que elegir.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
2. (to select)
a. elegir
I chose the red dress for my big night.Elegí el vestido rojo para mi gran noche.
b. escoger
Choose whatever you prefer, it's on the house.Escoja lo que prefiera, invita la casa.
3. (to decide to; used with "to")
a. decidir
We could have moved to New York, but we chose to stay here.Podríamos habernos ido a vivir a Nueva York, pero decidimos quedarnos aquí.
b. optar por
I chose to be self-employed instead of working for a firm.Opté por trabajar por mi cuenta en lugar de trabajar para una empresa.
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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to choose by voting)
a. elegir
If he gets elected, I'm moving to Canada.Si sale elegido, me mudo a Canadá.
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(to make a decision)
a. elegir
Many elect to attend university on student loans.Muchos eligen asistir a la universidad con préstamos estudiantiles.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
3. (government)
a. electo
Supporters turned out to hear the acceptance speech of the president elect.Los seguidores se hicieron presentes para escuchar el discurso de agradecimiento del presidente electo.
A plural noun indicates that there is more than one person, place, thing, or idea.
plural noun
4. (select group of people)
a. los elegidos
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The elect are promised a place in heaven.A los elegidos les está prometido un lugar en el cielo.
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