Quick answer
"Challenge" is a noun which is often translated as "el reto", and "nurture" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "criar". Learn more about the difference between "challenge" and "nurture" below.
challenge(
chahl
-
ihnj
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (difficult task)
a. el reto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
It was quite a challenge to climb the mountain.Supuso un gran reto escalar la montaña.
b. el desafío
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
We are facing several challenges at this stage of the project.Nos enfrentamos con varios desafíos a estas alturas del proyecto.
2. (competition)
a. el reto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The swordsman took up his rival's challenge.El espadachín aceptó el reto de su rival.
3. (legal)
a. la recusación
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The defense attorney lodged a challenge to the juror, stating that he was biased.El abogado defensor presentó una recusación al miembro del jurado, diciendo que era parcial.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
4. (to issue a challenge)
a. desafiar
The contestant challenged the former champion.El participante desafió al anterior campeón.
b. retar
They challenged us to a race.Nos retaron a una carrera.
5. (to dispute)
a. poner en duda
The new evidence challenges the former theory.La nueva evidencia pone en duda la teoría anterior.
b. cuestionar
Teenagers love to challenge authority.A los adolescentes les encanta cuestionar la autoridad.
6. (to stimulate)
a. constituir un desafío para
Sara is looking for a new job that will challenge her more.Sara busca un trabajo nuevo que consituya un desafío mayor para ella.
b. suponer un reto para
Ben needs extra work to challenge him in class.Ben necesita tareas adicionales en clase que supongan un reto para él.
7. (legal)
a. recusar
The juror was challenged because he knew the victim.El miembro del jurado fue recusado porque conocía a la víctima.
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nurture(
nuhr
-
chuhr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to care for)
a. criar
My mother was the only one there to nurture me and my sister.Mi madre era la única persona que estaba para criarnos a mi hermana y a mí.
b. educar
If you don't nurture your children, they won't be emotionally healthy as adults.Si no educas a tus hijos, no serán adultos saludables desde el punto de vista emocional.
2. (to nourish)
a. nutrir
The policy is aimed at helping nurture malnourished children back to health.El objetivo de la medida radica en nutrir a niños desnutridos para que recuperen la salud.
b. cuidar
These plants need a lot of sunlight and water to nurture them properly.Es necesario darles mucho sol y mucha agua a estas plantas para cuidarlas bien.
c. alimentar
There's not enough food to nurture so many people.No hay comida suficiente para alimentar a tantas personas.
3. (to foster)
a. cultivar (a friendship)
You can nurture a friendship by remembering special days, like birthdays.Puedes cultivar una amistad recordando días especiales, como cumpleaños.
b. fomentar (arts and education)
I live in a community that nurtures arts and crafts.Vivo en una comunidad que fomenta las artesanías.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
4.
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
(act of raising)
a. la educación
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The serial killer seemed to be the product of nature rather than nurture.El asesino en serie parecía ser el producto de la naturaleza y no de la educación.
b. la crianza
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Preschool teachers help provide children with nurture and care.Los maestros de preescolar les brindan a los niños crianza y cuidados.
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