Quick answer
"Challenge" is a noun which is often translated as "el reto", and "move" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "mover". Learn more about the difference between "challenge" and "move" below.
challenge(
chahl
-
ihnj
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (difficult task)
a. el reto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
It was quite a challenge to climb the mountain.Supuso un gran reto escalar la montaña.
b. el desafío
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
We are facing several challenges at this stage of the project.Nos enfrentamos con varios desafíos a estas alturas del proyecto.
2. (competition)
a. el reto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The swordsman took up his rival's challenge.El espadachín aceptó el reto de su rival.
3. (legal)
a. la recusación
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The defense attorney lodged a challenge to the juror, stating that he was biased.El abogado defensor presentó una recusación al miembro del jurado, diciendo que era parcial.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
4. (to issue a challenge)
a. desafiar
The contestant challenged the former champion.El participante desafió al anterior campeón.
b. retar
They challenged us to a race.Nos retaron a una carrera.
5. (to dispute)
a. poner en duda
The new evidence challenges the former theory.La nueva evidencia pone en duda la teoría anterior.
b. cuestionar
Teenagers love to challenge authority.A los adolescentes les encanta cuestionar la autoridad.
6. (to stimulate)
a. constituir un desafío para
Sara is looking for a new job that will challenge her more.Sara busca un trabajo nuevo que consituya un desafío mayor para ella.
b. suponer un reto para
Ben needs extra work to challenge him in class.Ben necesita tareas adicionales en clase que supongan un reto para él.
7. (legal)
a. recusar
The juror was challenged because he knew the victim.El miembro del jurado fue recusado porque conocía a la víctima.
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move(
muv
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to change position of)
a. mover
Help me to move the table a bit.Ayúdame a mover la mesa un poco.
b. trasladar
I was moved to another department when I got promoted.Me trasladaron a otro departamento cuando me ascendieron.
c. transportar
I move goods from one place to another in my van.Transporto mercancía de un sitio a otro en mi furgoneta.
2. (to influence)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
I was moved to do something when I heard about the disaster.Sentí que tenía que hacer algo cuando oí sobre el desastre.
Spare your words; nothing will move me.Ahórrate tus palabras, nada podrá convencerme.
3. (to affect emotionally)
a. conmover
Her kind words moved me, and made me cry.Sus amables palabras me conmovieron y me hicieron llorar.
b. emocionar
Seeing her daughter walking down the aisle moved her.Ver a su hija caminando hacia el altar la emocionó.
4. (to propose)
a. proponer
I move to hold new elections for chairperson.Propongo llevar a cabo una nueva elección para presidente.
5. (business)
a. vender
This online store moves lots of merchandise.Esta tienda en línea vende muchos productos.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
6. (to change home or office)
a. mudarse
I would love to move out of the city.Me encantaría mudarme fuera de la ciudad.
7. (to change position)
a. moverse
Don't move while I take the picture.No se muevan mientras saco la foto.
8. (to progress)
a. avanzar
My project is moving in the right direction.Mi proyecto avanza en buena dirección.
9. (commerce)
a. venderse
Sell off the new collection, it's not moving.Salden la colección nueva, no se está vendiendo.
10. (in games)
a. jugar
Who moves after me?¿Quién juega después de mí?
11. (to take steps)
a. actuar
We must move immediately to control the situation.Debemos actuar de inmediato para controlar la situación.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
12. (movement)
a. el movimiento
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
His clumsy move made him fall.Su movimiento torpe lo hizo caer.
13. (step)
a. el paso
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
It was a wise move to apply for that job.Fue un paso acertado solicitar ese trabajo.
b. la medida
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The minister's first move was to fire the secretary.La primera medida del ministro fue despedir al secretario.
14. (games)
a. la jugada
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
It is checkmate in three moves.Es jaque mate en tres jugadas.
15. (change)
a. la mudanza
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The previous move was much easier because we had a van.La mudanza anterior fue mucho más fácil porque teníamos una furgoneta.
b. el traslado
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I wanted to improve my career, so I asked for a move to sales.Quería mejorar en mi carrera, así que decidí pedir un traslado a ventas.
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