Quick answer
"Case" is a noun which is often translated as "el caso", and "crate" is a noun which is often translated as "la caja". Learn more about the difference between "case" and "crate" below.
case(
keys
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (instance)
a. el caso
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
It is better to wait for an answer in this case.En este caso, lo mejor será esperar una respuesta.
b. la cuestión
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
It was a case of doing what we were told.Fue una cuestión de hacer lo que nos pidieron.
c. el ejemplo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
It was a clear case of incompetence.Era un ejemplo claro de incompetencia.
2. (medicine)
a. el caso
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The number of cancer cases is increasing.El número de casos de cáncer está aumentando.
3. (legal)
a. el caso
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The court will soon rule on that case.El tribunal pronto dictará sentencia sobre ese caso.
4. (container)
a. el estuche
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The case was nicer than the bracelet.El estuche era más bonito que la pulsera.
b. la caja
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The figurine comes in its own protective case.La estatuilla viene en su propia caja protectora.
c. la funda
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I can't find my glasses case. Have you seen it?No encuentro la funda de mis gafas. ¿La has visto?
d. la maleta
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Is the baby's case ready for the hospital? - Yes, it is, honey.¿Está la maleta del bebé lista para ir al hospital? - Sí, cariño.
e. la valija
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The airline has lost my cases. What can I do?La línea aérea perdió mis valijas. ¿Qué hago ahora?
f. el maletín
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Emilio took the contracts out of his case to sign them.Emilio sacó los contratos del maletín para firmarlos.
g. el portafolios
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The lawyer had a beautiful black leather case.El abogado tenía un bonito portafolios de cuero negro.
h. el cajón
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
This case is full of books, Tracey.Este cajón está lleno de libros, Tracey.
i. la vitrina
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The jewels in the case were stolen last night.Anoche robaron las joyas de la vitrina.
5. (grammar)
a. el caso
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Latin and Russian languages have many grammatical cases.El latín y el ruso tienen muchos casos gramaticales.
6. (printing)
a. la mayúscula
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(upper case)
Many signs are written in upper case.Muchos letreros están escritos en mayúscula.
b. la minúscula
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(lower case)
The trend now is to write everything in lower case and without punctuation.La moda ahora es escribir todo en minúscula y sin puntuación.
7. (argument)
a. las razones
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
One of the students put forward a case for changing our time zone.Uno de los estudiantes expuso razones para cambiarnos de huso horario.
b. los argumentos
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
If you want us to modify our procedures, you'll need to make a good case of it.Tendrás que dar buenos argumentos si quieres que modifiquemos nuestros procedimientos.
8.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(peculiar person)
a. el caso
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
Mariana is a case. She'll never admit she's wrong.Mariana es un caso, nunca admitirá que se equivoca.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
9.
A very informal word or phrase used by a particular group or community as a substitute for standard language (e.g. joint, john).
(slang)
(to survey)
a. estudiar
After casing the area, the officer called for reinforcements.Tras estudiar la zona, el agente pidió refuerzos.
10. (to cover)
a. revestir
What is the best material to case the wall?¿Cuál es el mejor material para revestir la pared?
11. (medicine)
a. escayolar
The nurse cased my broken arm from wrist to elbow.La enfermera me escayoló el brazo roto desde la muñeca hasta el codo.
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crate(
kreyt
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (container)
a. la caja
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
We ordered five crates of beer for the party.Pedimos cinco cajas de cerveza para la fiesta.
b. el cajón de embalaje
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
These items need to be transported in crates.Estas piezas deben transportarse en cajones de embalaje.
c. el cajón
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
There is someone at the door asking for Mr. Jones. He needs to sign for the crate.Hay alguien en la puerta pidiendo hablar con el Sr. Jones. Debe firmar para recibir un cajón.
d. el huacal
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Regionalism used in Mexico
(Mexico)
How much does a crate of tomatoes weigh?¿Cuánto pesa un huacal de jitomate?
e. la jaba
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Regionalism used in Chile
(Chile)
Regionalism used in Ecuador
(Ecuador)
They pay the pickers five dollars for every crate of oranges they fill.Los recolectores reciben cinco dólares en pago por cada jaba que llenan de naranjas.
2. (for animals)
a. la jaula
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The family put the dog in a crate and took him with them on vacation.La familia puso el perro en una jaula y se lo llevó de vacaciones.
3.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(old plane or car)
a. el cacharro
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
When Frank got his raise, he sold his crate and bought a new car.Cuando Frank recibió un aumento, vendió su cacharro y se compró un coche nuevo.
b. el cascajo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The first acrobatic plane I flew in was a real crate.El primer avión acrobático en el que volé era un auténtico cascajo.
c. la catramina
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The only taxi available was a crate.El único taxi libre era una catramina.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
4. (to pack)
a. embalar
Paul crated the apples in paper lined crates.Paul embaló las manzanas en cajas forradas de papel.
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