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Quick answer
"But" is a conjunction which is often translated as "pero", and "know" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "saber". Learn more about the difference between "but" and "know" below.
but(
buht
)
A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, clauses, or sentences (e.g. The cat and the dog slept.).
1. (used to express a contrasting statement)
a. pero
I want to go, but it's really far.Quiero ir pero es muy lejos.
b. sino
He wasn't from New York, but from New Jersey.No era de Nueva York, sino de Nueva Jersey.
2. (emphatic)
a. pero
But it is still too early to go to bed!¡Pero si aún es muy temprano para acostarse!
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
3. (only)
a. no ser más que
She is but a poor philosopher.No es más que una pobre filósofa.
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
4. (except)
a. salvo
I have read all his books but the last one.He leído todos sus libros salvo el último.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
5. (objection)
a. pero
I don't want any buts or excuses.No quiero ni peros ni excusas.
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know(
no
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to possess knowledge of or skills in)
a. saber
Do you know when the next bus is leaving?¿Sabes a qué hora sale el próximo autobús?
He knows French, Spanish, and German.Sabe francés, español y alemán.
2. (to be acquainted with)
a. conocer
I know her from school, but we're not really friends.La conozco de la escuela, pero realmente no somos amigos.
3. (to understand)
a. entender
I don't know how you can treat her like that.No entiendo cómo puedes tratarla así.
4. (to recognize)
a. reconocer
I knew him just by hearing his voice.Lo reconocí tan solo de escuchar su voz.
5. (to be certain of)
a. saber
I don't know if you should walk home so late.No sé si deberías caminar sola a tu casa a esta hora.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
6. (to possess knowledge)
a. saber
Is today Tuesday? - I don't know.¿Hoy es martes? - No lo sé.
7. (to be certain)
a. saber
Did I leave the keys on the table? - I don't know.¿Dejé las llaves sobre la mesa? - No sé.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
8. (to have memorized)
a. saberse
Do you know the alphabet yet?¿Ya te sabes el abecedario?
He knows a lot about the American Civil War.Se sabe mucho de la guerra civil estadounidense.
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