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Quick answer
"But" is a conjunction which is often translated as "pero", and "become" is a copular verb which is often translated as "convertirse en". Learn more about the difference between "but" and "become" below.
A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, clauses, or sentences (e.g. The cat and the dog slept.).
1. (used to express a contrasting statement)
a. pero
I want to go, but it's really far.Quiero ir pero es muy lejos.
b. sino
He wasn't from New York, but from New Jersey.No era de Nueva York, sino de Nueva Jersey.
2. (emphatic)
a. pero
But it is still too early to go to bed!¡Pero si aún es muy temprano para acostarse!
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
3. (only)
a. no ser más que
She is but a poor philosopher.No es más que una pobre filósofa.
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
4. (except)
a. salvo
I have read all his books but the last one.He leído todos sus libros salvo el último.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
5. (objection)
a. pero
I don't want any buts or excuses.No quiero ni peros ni excusas.
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A copular verb links the subject of a clause to the predicate (e.g. My brother is tall).
1. (to come to be)
a. convertirse en
He became the most influential director on the board.Se convirtió en el director más influyente de la junta.
b. volverse
He became distant and didn't contact her for nearly a week.Se volvió distante y no la contactó durante casi una semana.
c. hacerse
After many years of study, he finally became a lawyer.Después de muchos años de estudio, finalmente se hizo abogado.
d. llegar a ser
There's a chance he could become the country's next prime minister.Es posible que llegue a ser el próximo primer ministro del país.
2. (to enter into a physical or emotional state)
a. ponerse
She became sad upon hearing the tragic news.Se puso triste al escuchar las trágicas noticias.
3. (to transform into)
a. convertirse en
That little striped caterpillar will become a magnificent monarch butterfly.Esa oruga rayada se convertirá en una maravillosa mariposa monarca.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
4. (to suit)
a. favorecer
That tone of blue really becomes you.Ese tono de azul te favorece mucho.
b. quedar bien
That haircut doesn't become her.Ese corte de pelo no le queda bien.
c. sentar bien
Living at the beach becomes you.Te sienta bien vivir en la playa.
5. (to be appropriate of)
a. ser propio de
That way of speaking does not become a teacher.Esa manera de hablar no es propio de un maestro.
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