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Quick answer
"Bump" is a noun which is often translated as "el bulto", and "spill" is a noun which is often translated as "el derrame". Learn more about the difference between "bump" and "spill" below.
bump(
buhmp
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (lump)
a. el bulto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I can't put on my gloves because I have a bump on my hand.No me puedo poner los guantes porque tengo un bulto en la mano.
b. el chichón
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(on the head)
I got a huge bump on my forehead after I hit my head.Me salió un chichón enorme en la frente después de darme en la cabeza.
c. el bache
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(on the road)
Slow down! There's a bump ahead.¡Baja la velocidad! Hay un bache adelante.
2. (blow)
a. el golpe
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
She tripped and landed with a bump.Se tropezó y se dio un golpe al caer.
b. la sacudida
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(of a vehicle)
The bump made me feel dizzy.La sacudida me mareó.
c. el topetazo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(between two people or things)
The wrestler started his performance with a bump.El luchador comenzó con un topetazo.
3. (sound)
a. el golpe
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I turned around quickly because I heard a bump behind me.Me di la vuelta rápidamente al oír un golpe detrás de mí.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
4. (to hit)
a. chocar con
The brakes failed and I bumped the car in front of me.Los frenos fallaron y choqué con el auto que tenía delante.
b. darse un golpe en (a part of the body)
He bumped his head against the wall and started crying.Se dio un golpe en la cabeza contra la pared y comenzó a llorar.
5.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to remove)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Her single was bumped from the top ten.Su single desapareció de los diez primeros de la lista.
I was bumped from my flight with no notice.Me sacaron de mi vuelo sin avisarme.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
6. (to bounce)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Sally bumped along the patio, trying not to step on water.Sally cruzó el patio dando saltos para no pisar el agua.
The car bumped along the old road.El auto iba dando tumbos por la vieja carretera.
bumps
A plural noun indicates that there is more than one person, place, thing, or idea.
plural noun
7. (lifting somebody into the air) (United Kingdom)
a. el manteo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I got the bumps for being the first of my friends to get married.Me dieron un manteo por ser el primero de mis amigos en casarse.
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spill
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (instance of spilling)
a. el derrame
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Be careful because there was a cooking oil spill here.Ten cuidado porque hubo un derrame de aceite de cocina aquí.
2. (fall)
a. la caída
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Billy took a nasty spill on his bike and skinned his knees.Billy tuvo una caída fea en su bicicleta y se descascaró las rodillas.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
3. (to cause to flow over)
a. derramar
If you're not careful you're going to spill the water everywhere.Si no tienes cuidado vas a derramar el agua por todos lados.
b. verter
Ricky spilled the salt on the table.Ricky vertió la sal sobre la mesa.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
4. (to fall or flow over)
a. derramarse
The wine spilled all over the table.El vino se derramó sobre toda la mesa.
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