Listen to an audio pronunciation
vs
Listen to an audio pronunciation
Quick answer
"Break down" is an intransitive verb phrase which is often translated as "estropearse", and "crumble" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "desmenuzar". Learn more about the difference between "break down" and "crumble" below.
break down(
breyk
 
daun
)
An intransitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and does not require a direct object (e.g. Everybody please stand up.).
intransitive verb phrase
1. (to stop functioning)
a. estropearse
The hot water heater broke down last night while I was in the shower.Anoche, se estropeó la caldera mientras estaba en la ducha.
b. averiarse
My car broke down in the middle of nowhere, so I had to hitchhike.Se averió el auto en el medio de la nada, así que tuve que hacer dedo.
c. descomponerse
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
The car broke down because the radiator overheated.El carro se descompuso porque el radiador se recalentó.
2. (to succumb to emotional stress)
a. derrumbarse
After working sleeplessly for weeks, he broke down and started screaming at his boss.Después de trabajar sin dormir durante semanas, se derrumbó y empezó a gritarle a su jefe.
b. echarse a llorar
When he realized she had gone for good, he broke down.Cuando se dio cuenta de que ella se había ido para siempre, se echó a llorar.
c. romper a llorar
I can't watch "Bambi" without breaking down.No puedo ver "Bambi" sin romper a llorar.
3. (to fail)
a. fracasar (negotiations)
Talks between the two countries broke down after the attack.Las negociaciones entre los dos países fracasaron tras el atentado.
4. (to divide into constituents)
a. descomponerse
As citric acid breaks down, what substance is released?¿Qué sustancia se libera al descomponerse el ácido cítrico?
A transitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and requires a direct object (e.g. Take out the trash.).
transitive verb phrase
5. (to destroy)
a. derribar
The detective obtained a warrant and went to break down the door of the suspect.El detective obtuvo una orden de detención y se dirigió a derribar la puerta del sospechoso.
b. echar abajo
They began to break down the Berlin Wall in 1990.Empezaron a echar abajo el Muro de Berlín en 1990.
6. (to separate)
a. dividir
It's easier if we break the work down into stages.Es más fácil si dividimos el trabajo en etapas.
7.
A phrase used as a figure of speech or a word that is symbolic in meaning; metaphorical (e.g. carrot, bean).
(figurative)
(to overcome)
a. vencer (resistance)
How can we break down people's resistance to change?¿Cómo podemos vencer la resistencia de la gente al cambio?
8. (to analyze)
a. desglosar (figures)
I can break down the charges on your bill so it's easier to understand.Puedo desglosar los cargos de la factura para que sea más fácil de entender.
b. descomponer
It can be difficult to break down a complicated sentence.Puede ser difícil descomponer una oración complicada.
9. (to decompose)
a. descomponer
In a hydrolysis reaction, water is used to break down a molecule.En una reacción de hidrólisis, se emplea agua para descomponer una molécula.
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
crumble(
kruhm
-
buhl
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (culinary)
a. desmenuzar
I like to crumble blue cheese on my salads.Me gusta desmenuzar queso azul sobre las ensaladas.
b. desmigajar
Chloe crumbled some bread on top of her soup.Chloe desmigajó un poco de pan encima de su sopa.
c. desmigar
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
Crumble the fish, taking care to remove the bones.Desmigar el pescado, teniendo cuidado de quitar las espinas.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
2. (to fall apart)
a. desmoronarse
As the firefighters were working in the place, a wall crumbled.Mientras los bomberos trabajaban en el lugar, se desmoronó una pared.
b. venirse abajo
The building is crumbling for lack of maintenance.El edificio se está viniendo abajo por falta de mantenimiento.
c. desmigajarse
The bun of my burger crumbled too easily.El pan de mi hamburguesa se desmigajó demasiado fácilmente.
d. desmenuzarse
Sandy soils crumble easily.Las tierras arenosas se desmenuzan fácilmente.
3. (to fail)
a. derrumbarse
The center-left alliance crumbled, paving the way for the right's victory.La alianza de centro-izquierda se derrumbó y así allanó el camino para el triunfo de la derecha.
b. desmoronarse
His aspiration to become president crumbled after the Iowa caucuses.Su aspiración de convertirse en presidente se desmoronó después de las primarias de Iowa.
c. caerse
The coalition crumbled, resulting in six more years of war.La coalición se cayó, lo que resultó en seis años más de guerra.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
4. (culinary)
a. el crujiente
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Tina served a cherry crumble for dessert.Tina sirvió un crujiente de cereza de postre.
b. el crumble
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Apple crumble is easy to make and everyone loves it.El crumble de manzana es fácil de hacer y le gusta a todo el mundo.
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
SpanishDict is the world's most popular Spanish-English dictionary, translation, and learning website.
© Curiosity Media Inc.  |  Ver en español
SOCIAL NETWORKS
APPS