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Quick answer
"Bottom" is a noun which is often translated as "el fondo", and "top" is a noun which is often translated as "la cima". Learn more about the difference between "bottom" and "top" below.
bottom(
ba
-
duhm
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (lowest part)
a. el fondo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The black socks are at the bottom of the drawer.Los calcetines negros están en el fondo del cajón.
b. el pie
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
There is a bathroom at the bottom of the stairs.Hay un baño al pie de la escalera.
c. el final
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I found my name at the bottom of the list.Encontré mi nombre al final de la lista.
2. (deepest part)
a. el fondo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The rock will sink to the bottom of the pond.La piedra se hundirá al fondo del estanque.
3. (underside)
a. la parte de abajo
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
There's a power button on the bottom of the machine.Hay un botón de encendido en la parte de abajo de la máquina.
b. la suela
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
There's gum on the bottom of your shoe.Hay chicle en la suela de tu zapato.
c. el casco
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The ship is in dry dock to clean the barnacles off the bottom.El buque está en el dique seco para eliminar los percebes del casco.
d. el fondo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
We stuck a camera to the bottom of the boat so we could see the sea life in the harbor.Pegamos una cámara al fondo del barco para poder observar la vida marina en el puerto.
4. (of a hierarchy)
a. el último
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
, la última
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
He may not be in first place, but at least he's not at the bottom.A lo mejor no está en primer lugar, pero por lo menos no es el último.
b. el peor
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
, la peor
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Marco was the bottom of his class in fifth grade.Marco fue el peor de su clase en quinto grado.
5.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(buttocks)
a. el trasero
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Esteban's bottom hurt after his fall.A Esteban le dolía el trasero después de su caída.
b. el culo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Regionalism used in Argentina
(Argentina)
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
My bottom's wet after sitting on the grass.Tengo el culo mojado por sentarme en el césped.
6. (sports)
a. el final
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(baseball)
The bases are loaded at the bottom of the ninth and the score is tied.Las bases están llenas al final de la novena y el marcador está empatado.
b. la parte baja
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(baseball)
They have a four to two lead at the bottom of the eighth inning.Tienen una ventaja de cuatro a dos en la parte baja de la octava entrada.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
7. (lowest)
a. inferior
The bottom pane displays your progress.El panel inferior muestra tu progreso.
b. más abajo
Our seats are in the bottom row of the theater.Nuestros asientos están en la fila de más abajo del teatro.
c. de abajo
The magician pulled the bottom card from the deck.El mago sacó la carta de abajo de la baraja.
d. primero
There is a rag hanging on the bottom rung.Hay un trapo tendido en el primer peldaño.
e. más bajo
I can't go any lower. That's my bottom offer.No puedo bajar más. Es la oferta más baja.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
8. (to reach the lowest point; often used with "out")
a. tocar fondo
The economic crisis bottomed out in 2019. In April of that year, the economy began its slow recovery.La crisis económica tocó fondo en 2019. En abril de ese año, la economía inició su lenta recuperación.
bottoms
A plural noun indicates that there is more than one person, place, thing, or idea.
plural noun
9. (clothing)
a. el pantalón
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I'm going to stay home in my pajama bottoms and a T-shirt all day.Voy a quedarme en casa en pantalón de pijama y camiseta todo el día.
b. la parte de abajo
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Susana's bikini bottoms are full of sand from her day at the beach.La parte de abajo del biquini de Susana está llena de arena después de pasar el día en la playa.
c. el bajo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
What size hem would you like on the bottoms of your pants?¿Qué tamaño de dobladillo te gustaría en el bajo del pantalón?
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top(
tap
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (highest point)
a. la cima
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
After climbing for three hours, we finally reached the top of the mountain.Tras escalar durante tres horas, alcanzamos finalmente la cima de la montaña.
b. la parte de arriba
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The hat covered her hair and the top of her ears.El sombrero le cubría el pelo y la parte de arriba de las orejas.
c. lo alto
One must take a special elevator to reach the top of the building.Hay que tomar un ascensor especial para subir a lo alto del edificio.
2. (highest position)
a. la cima
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
With this promotion, I have reached the top of my career.Este ascenso me coloca en la cima de mi carrera.
b. el máximo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Athletes usually reach the top of their abilities between the ages of 20 and 25.Los atletas suelen alcanzar el máximo de su potencial entre los 20 y 25 años de edad.
3. (first position)
a. la cabeza
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
He's top of the list of best paid actors.Está a la cabeza de la lista de los actores mejor pagados.
4. (beginning)
a. la parte superior
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Please, write your names at the top of the page.Por favor, escriban sus nombres en la parte superior de la página.
5. (cover)
a. la tapa
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Put the top on the container or else the food will go off.Ponle la tapa al recipiente; si no, se va a estropear la comida.
b. el tapón
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
We lost the top to the bottle, so we should probably drink the remnants.Perdimos el tapón de la botella, así que bebamos lo que queda.
6. (clothing)
a. la blusa
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Tops with a lot of lace are in fashion.Las blusas con mucho encaje están de moda.
b. la camisa
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I need to find a top to match my new suit.Tengo que encontrar una camisa que combine con el traje nuevo.
c. la camiseta
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I love cotton tops with colored patterns.Me encantan las camisetas de algodón con diseños de colores.
d. el top
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(tight)
She was wearing a very tight sequined top.Llevaba un top de lentejuelas muy ajustado.
e. el jersey
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Finally, we can put away our winter tops!¡Por fin, podemos guardar los jerseys de invierno!
7. (spinning toy)
a. el trompo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
My favorite toy was a wooden top.Mi jugete preferido era un trompo de madera.
b. la peonza
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The children were entertained for hours spinning the top.Los niños se entretuvieron por horas haciendo girar la peonza.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
8. (highest)
a. más alto
We live on the top floor of the building.Vivimos en el piso más alto del edificio.
b. último
He stood on the top rung of the ladder, trying to fix the lamp.Estaba en el último peldaño de la escalera, intentando arreglar la lámpara.
9. (maximum)
a. máximo
The top speed of that car is 160 miles per hour.La velocidad máxima de ese coche es de 160 millas por hora.
10. (main)
a. principal
The top reason for his failure was lack of motivation.La razón principal de su fracaso fue la falta de motivación.
b. mayor
Our top priority right now is to find a solution to the problem.Nuestra mayor prioridad en estos momentos es encontrar una solución al problema.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
11. (to add)
a. poner por encima a
I like to top my ice cream with chocolate.Me gusta ponerle chocolate por encima al helado.
12. (to exceed)
a. superar
Yesterday he topped the record for most goals in a season.Ayer superó el récord del máximo número de goles en una temporada.
13. (to be listed first)
a. encabezar
Milk always tops the list of things I need from the store.La leche siempre encabeza la lista de las cosas que necesito del supermercado.
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