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Quick answer
"Bolster" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "reforzar", and "reinforce" is a transitive verb which is also often translated as "reforzar". Learn more about the difference between "bolster" and "reinforce" below.
bolster(
bols
-
tuhr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to reinforce)
a. reforzar
The police talked with members of the community to bolster their relationship with citizens.La policía habló con los miembros de la comunidad para reforzar su relación con los ciudadanos.
b. reafirmar
You need more evidence to bolster your argument.Necesitas más pruebas para reafirmar tu argumento.
c. levantar (morale)
The boss's platitudes did little to bolster morale among the workers.Las perogrulladas del jefe no ayudaron a levantar la moral de los trabajadores.
d. fortalecer
Your nervousness is only bolstering Maria's claim that you're lying.Tu nerviosismo no hace más que fortalecer la afirmación de María de que estás mintiendo.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
2. (pillow)
a. la almohada cilíndrica
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I kept my injured knee elevated with a bolster underneath it.Mantuve la rodilla lesionada elevada con una almohada cilíndrica.
b. el cabezal
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Place the bolster behind your back for more lumbar support.Ponte el cabezal detrás de la espalda para tener más apoyo lumbar.
c. el almohadón
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Can you pick up these pillows and bolsters and put them back on the couch?¿Puedes recoger estas almohadas y almohadones y colocarlos de nuevo en el sofá?
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reinforce(
ri
-
ihn
-
fawrs
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to strengthen physically)
a. reforzar
We used beams to reinforce the wall.Reforzamos la pared con vigas.
b. fortalecer
No doubt, these innovations will reinforce the education system.No cabe duda de que estas innovaciones fortalecerán el sistema educativo.
c. armar (concrete)
Steel bars are often used to reinforce concrete.A menudo se utilizan barras de acero para armar el concreto.
2. (to strengthen an idea)
a. reforzar
Using that word will only reinforce old prejudices.Al utilizar esa palabra solo se consigue reforzar antiguos prejuicios.
3. (military)
a. reforzar
Ten thousand soldiers were sent to north Italy to reinforce the fighting army.Diez mil soldados fueron enviados al norte de Italia para reforzar el ejército combatiente.
b. enviar refuerzos a
We need to reinforce the garrison.Tenemos que enviar refuerzos a la guarnición.
4. (to confirm)
a. reafirmar (a theory or a hypothesis)
Galileo made two observations that reinforced Copernicus' theory.Galileo hizo dos observaciones que reafirmaron la teoría de Copérnico.
b. confirmar (a theory or a hypothesis)
The results of the experiment reinforced my initial hypothesis.Los resultados del experimento confirmaron mi hipótesis inicial.
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