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Quick answer
"Blast" is a noun which is often translated as "la explosión", and "go off" is an intransitive verb phrase which is often translated as "irse". Learn more about the difference between "blast" and "go off" below.
blast(
blahst
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (explosion)
a. la explosión
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The cause of the blast is not yet known, but the possibility of a suicide attack has been discarded.Todavía se desconoce la causa de la explosión, pero se descarta la posibilidad de un atentado suicida.
2. (shock wave)
a. la onda expansiva
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The blast of the explosion shattered all the windows.La onda expansiva de la explosión hizo añicos todas las ventanas.
b. la sacudida
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The blast caused by the explosion rippled across the city, toppling buildings and bridges.La sacudida causada por la explosión se expandió por la ciudad, derribando edificios y puentes.
3. (strong gust)
a. la ráfaga
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(of air)
When I opened the window, I felt a blast of hot air on my face.Al abrir la ventana, sentí una ráfaga de aire caliente en la cara.
b. el chorro
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(of water or sand)
A blast of water came shooting out of the fire hydrant when the car hit it.Un chorro de agua salió de la boca de incendios al chocar el auto contra ella.
4. (loud sound)
a. el toque
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The blast of a trumpet announced the arrival of the king.El toque de una trompeta anunció la llegada del rey.
5. (outburst)
a. la oleada
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The prime minister received a blast of criticism from the British press.El primer ministro recibió una oleada de críticas de la prensa británica.
6. (full force)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
I couldn't sleep because my neighbors had the stereo on at full blast.No pude dormir porque los vecinos tenían el estéreo a todo volumen.
When I came home, the kids had the heat going at full blast.Cuando volví a casa, mis hijos tenían la calefacción puesta a toda máquina.
7.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(good time)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
a. la pasada
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
The party last night was a blast!¡La fiesta de anoche fue una pasada!
b. el desmadre
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
The concert was a total blast. It was the best birthday ever!El concierto fue un desmadre total. ¡Fue el mejor cumple de mi vida!
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
8. (to blow up)
a. volar
Guy Fawkes plotted to blast the Houses of Parliament on November 5th, 1605.Guy Fawkes urdió un complot para volar el parlamento británico el 5 de noviembre de 1605.
b. derribar utilizando una carga explosiva
Instead of demolishing the building, they blasted it.En lugar de demoler el edificio, lo derribaron utilizando una carga explosiva.
c. abrir utilizando una carga explosiva
They are going to blast a tunnel through this hill.Van a abrir un túnel a través de la montaña utilizando una carga explosiva.
9. (to shoot with a gun)
a. acribillar
The thugs following him blasted the door with bullets.Los matones que lo seguían acribillaron la puerta a balazos.
10. (military)
a. bombardear
The enemy army blasted the city relentlessly.El ejército enemigo bombardeaba la ciudad sin tregua.
11. (to criticize)
a. atacar
Reporters blasted his policies for favoring big business.Los periodistas atacaron su política porque favorecía al gran capital.
b. arremeter contra
The professor's controversial theories were blasted by his peers.Los colegas del profesor arremetieron contra sus polémicas teorías.
c. echar por tierra
I made some helpful suggestions, but he blasted one after another.Hice sugerencias útiles, pero él las fue echando por tierra una tras otra.
12. (to wither)
a. marchitar (flowers)
The late frost blasted all of our roses.La escarcha tardía marchitó todas nuestras rosas.
b. malograr (a crop)
That year's drought blasted the wheat crop.La sequía de ese año malogró la cosecha de trigo.
13.
A word or phrase restricted in usage to literature or established writing (e.g. sex, once upon a time).
(literary)
(to ruin)
a. echar por tierra
An accident in the gym blasted his hopes of Olympic gold.Un accidente que tuvo en el gimnasio echó por tierra sus esperanzas de lograr un oro olímpico.
b. malograr
The singer blasted his future with his heavy smoking.El cantante malogró su futuro abusando del tabaco.
14. (to play loudly)
a. poner a todo volumen
My dad was out in the garage blasting Led Zeppelin while he washed the car.Mi papá estaba afuera en el taller, con Led Zeppelin puesto a todo volumen mientras lavaba el auto.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
15. (to make a loud soud)
a. sonar a todo volumen
There's always music blasting in that bar.En ese bar siempre suena la música a todo volumen.
b. retumbar
The noise of the jackhammers was blasting into our house.El ruido de los martillos neumáticos retumbaba en nuestra casa.
An interjection is a short utterance that expresses emotion, hesitation, or protest (e.g. Wow!).
16.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(used to express frustration) (United Kingdom)
a. ¡maldita sea!
Blast! We've missed the last bus. Shall we call a taxi?¡Maldita sea! Perdimos el último autobús. ¿Llamamos a un taxi?
b. ¡maldición!
Blast! Those bloody pirates have returned!¡Maldición! ¡Han vuelto esos malditos piratas!
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go off(
go
 
af
)
An intransitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and does not require a direct object (e.g. Everybody please stand up.).
intransitive verb phrase
1. (to leave)
a. irse
He went off to the mall with the kids.Se fue al centro comercial con los niños.
b. marcharse
Kelly went off to the beach with her friends for the weekend.Kelly se marchó a la playa con sus amigas por el fin de semana.
2. (to detonate)
a. estallar
The fireworks go off every night at 9 pm at the amusement park.Los fuegos pirotécnicos estallan cada noche a las 9 pm en el parque de diversiones.
b. explotar
It looks like a bomb went off in the town after the fire.Pareciera como si una bomba hubiera estallado en el pueblo después del incendio.
c. dispararse
The gun went off while he was cleaning it and he shot himself in the foot.El rifle se disparó mientras lo estaba limpiando y se pegó un tiro en el pie.
3. (to make noise)
a. sonar
The alarm clock went off at 6 am, but she didn't get out of bed until the sunlight came through the window.El despertador sonó a las 6 am, pero no se levantó hasta que la luz del sol entró por la ventana.
4. (to turn out)
a. salir
I was worried that a fight might break out at last night's family dinner, but thankfully the party went off well.Estaba preocupado por si estallaba una pelea anoche en la cena familiar, pero afortunadamente salió bien.
5. (to stop operating)
a. apagarse
The heating went off in the storm and we're trying to get it back on.La calefacción se apagó durante la tormenta y estamos intentando volver a prenderla.
b. irse
The lights went out. The curtain rose, and the play began.Se fueron las luces, se levantó el telón y la obra comenzó.
6. (to spoil) (United Kingdom)
a. echarse a perder
Don't eat that fish. It smells like it's gone off.No comas ese pescado, huele a que se ha echado a perder.
b. pasarse
I wanted to make some juice, but the fruit had gone off.Quería hacer un vaso de jugo, pero la fruta se había pasado.
7. (to doze)
a. quedarse dormido
Stan works so hard in the mine that when he comes home, he eats dinner and then goes right off.Stan trabaja tan arduamente en la mina que cuando llega a casa, cena y enseguida se queda dormido.
8. (to subside) (United Kingdom)
a. pasarse
My backache finally went off a few hours ago, so I'm feeling much better.Se me pasó el dolor de espalda hace unas horas, así que me siento mucho mejor.
A transitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and requires a direct object (e.g. Take out the trash.).
transitive verb phrase
9. (to lose liking for) (United Kingdom)
a. ya no gustar
Gary's gone off beer, but he still drinks wine.A Gary ya no le gusta la cerveza, pero todavía toma vino.
b. dejar de gustar
My son went off toys; now he likes video games.A mi hijo dejaron de gustarle los juguetes; ahora le gustan los videojuegos.
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
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