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Quick answer
"Bend" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "doblar", and "lean" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "estar inclinado hacia". Learn more about the difference between "bend" and "lean" below.
bend(
behnd
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to make curved)
a. doblar
Bend the pipe to a 90 degree angle.Dobla el tubo en un ángulo de 90 grados.
b. curvar
Bend the sides in, and then you can put the top on.Curva los lados hacia adentro y luego puedes poner la tapa.
2. (to direct)
a. dirigir
She bent her gaze to the horizon just in time to see the last rays of the day.Dirigió la mirada al horizonte justo a tiempo para ver los últimos rayos del día.
b. concentrar
He bent his mind to planning the peace conference.Se concentró en planear la conferencia por la paz.
3. (to incline)
a. inclinar
The baby bent his head to the side in wonder at the sight of the ladybug.El bebé inclinó la cabeza hacia un lado maravillado al ver la catarina.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
4. (curve)
a. la curva
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Look out. There's a sharp bend in the road ahead.Cuidado. Hay una curva cerrada adelante en el camino.
b. el ángulo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
We'll need a few bends in these pipes to get the water from the street up into the tank.Necesitaremos unos ángulos en estos tubos para subir el agua de la calle hasta el tinaco.
c. el codo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(pipes)
The plumber always finds clogs in the bends.El plomero siempre encuentra obstrucciones en los codos.
5. (nautical)
a. la gaza
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(knot or loop)
Tie a bend in the rope to make it easier to attach the anchor line.Ata una gaza a la cuerda para que sea más fácil sujetar la línea de anclaje.
6. (heraldry)
a. la banda
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
My family's coat of arms has a crimson bend running across it diagonally.El escudo de armas de mi familia tiene una banda de color carmesí que lo cruza en diagonal.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
7. (to become bent)
a. doblarse
The branch began to bend under the weight of the cat.La rama empezó a doblarse con el peso del gato.
b. inclinarse
The tree bent in the gale force wind.El árbol se inclinó por la fuerza del vendaval.
c. torcerse
The suitcase handle bent and needs to be fixed.Se torció el asa de la maleta y hay que arreglarla.
8. (to curve)
a. torcer
The road ahead bends to the right.El camino adelante tuerce a la derecha.
b. hacer una curva
The road bent into an incline and the fog merged with the forest.El camino hizo una curva hacia abajo en una pendiente y la niebla se confundió con el bosque.
9. (to submit)
a. ceder
Anthony refused to bend to the invaders.Anthony se negó a ceder ante los invasores.
bends
A plural noun indicates that there is more than one person, place, thing, or idea.
plural noun
10. (illness)
a. la enfermedad de los buzos
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
If you rise to the surface more quickly than your bubbles, you can get the bends.Si subes a la superficie más rápido que tus burbujas, te puede dar la enfermedad de los buzos.
b. el síndrome de descompresión
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
You may panic and want to go up faster than you should, but that causes the bends.Podría entrarte el pánico y querer subir más rápido de lo que deberías, pero eso provoca el síndrome de descomprensión.
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lean(
lin
)
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to incline; used with "to")
a. estar inclinado hacia
Is it true that the Tower of Pisa leans to one side?¿Es verdad que la torre de Pisa está inclinada hacia un lado?
2. (to support oneself; used with "on" or "against")
a. apoyarse en
My grandfather leans on his cane to walk.Mi abuelo se apoya en su bastón para caminar.
3. (to tend; used with "to" or "toward")
a. inclinarse por
Left-wing parties lean toward social policies.Los partidos de izquierda se inclinan por políticas sociales.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
4. (not fatty)
a. magro
Lean meat is better for your healthLa carne magra es mejor para la salud.
b. sin grasa
Please use lean meat to make my hamburger.Por favor usa carne sin grasa para preparar mi hamburguesa.
5. (slim)
a. delgado
My son has been looking leaner since he's been living abroad.My hijo está más delgado desde que vive en el extranjero.
b. enjuto
The lean boy was an impressive runner.El chico enjuto era un corredor impresionante.
c. flaco
This cow is too lean. Are you feeding her properly?Esta vaca está demasiado flaca. ¿Le estás dando bien de comer?
6. (not prosperous)
a. malo
These are lean times for everyone, except for the wealthy.Son tiempos malos para todo el mundo, menos para los ricos.
b. pobre
The drought made this a really lean harvest season.La sequía ha hecho que esta temporada de cosecha haya sido realmente pobre.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
7. (to place; used with "against" or "on")
a. apoyar
The bricklayer leaned the ladder against the wall.El albañil apoyó la escalera contra la pared.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
8. (slope)
a. la inclinación
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The wall has a slight lean.La pared tiene una ligera inclinación.
9. (culinary)
a. el magro
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Go to the butcher's and buy two kilos of lean, please.Ve a la carnicería y compra dos kilos de magro, por favor.
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