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Quick answer
"Starting" is a form of "start", a transitive verb which is often translated as "comenzar". "Beginning" is a noun which is often translated as "el comienzo". Learn more about the difference between "beginning" and "starting" below.
beginning(
bi
-
gih
-
nihng
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (start)
a. el comienzo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
You can register one week before the beginning of the course.Puedes matricularte una semana antes del comienzo del curso.
b. el principio
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The information is indicated at the beginning of the form.La información se indica al principio del formulario.
c. el inicio
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
This is the beginning of a new friendship.Este es el inicio de una nueva amistad.
2. (origin)
a. el origen
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
His aristocratic beginnings didn't stop him from becoming a libertarian leader.Su origen aristocrático no le impidió convertirse en un líder libertario.
b. el inicio
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The book is an account of his beginnings in show business.El libro relata sus inicios en el mundo del espectáculo.
c. el comienzo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
In the beginning, everything was chaos.En el comienzo todo era caos.
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start(
start
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to begin)
a. comenzar
We start classes in September.Comenzaremos las clases en septiembre.
b. empezar
They said they'll start the movie in half an hour.Dijeron que empezarán la película en media hora.
c. iniciar
We started our long trip by stopping in Montreal.Iniciamos nuestro largo viaje parando en Montreal.
2. (to cause to begin)
a. empezar
A group of students started the anti-war movement.Un grupo de estudiantes empezó el movimiento contra la guerra.
b. iniciar
The sound of the gun started the race.El sonido de la pistola inició la carrera.
c. dar comienzo
The teacher started the course with a speech.El profesor dio comienzo al curso con un discurso.
d. provocar
That cigarette started the fire.Ese cigarrillo provocó el fuego.
e. desencadenar
The conflict started a turf war.El conflicto desencadenó una guerra territorial.
3. (to cause to operate)
a. encender
You can't start the hedge cutter because the power cord is unplugged.No puedes encender el cortasetos porque el cable está desenchufado.
b. arrancar
If you cannot start your car, I will take you.Si no puedes arrancar el coche, te llevaré yo.
c. poner en marcha
I could not start the motorcycle because its tank was empty.No pude poner en marcha la moto porque el depósito estaba vacío.
4. (to found)
a. montar
My cousin started a business recently.Mi primo montó un negocio hace poco.
b. fundar
The company was started by my grandfather in 1950.Mi abuelo fundó la empresa en 1950.
c. poner
I started a clothing store last year.Puse una tienda de ropa el año pasado.
d. poner en marcha
My boss started this empire with just one store.Mi jefe puso en marcha este imperio con solo una tienda.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
5. (to begin)
a. empezar
The day had started badly, and did not improve.El día había empezado mal y no mejoró.
b. comenzar
Now that we are all here, we can start.Ahora que estamos todos, podemos comenzar.
6. (to originate)
a. empezar
It all started when he decided to go abroad.Todo empezó cuando decidió irse al extranjero.
7. (to set out)
a. emprender camino
They started early in the morning.Emprendieron camino temprano por la mañana.
b. partir
We started from Ponce, and now we are here.Partimos de Ponce y ahora estamos aquí.
8. (to cause to operate)
a. arrancar
My car won't start, so I had to take the bus.Mi coche no arranca, así que tuve que coger el autobús.
b. ponerse en marcha
If the lawn mower doesn't start, clean the filters.Si el cortacésped no se pone en marcha, limpia los filtros.
9. (to move suddenly)
a. sobresaltarse
The baby started at the sudden noise.El bebé se sobresaltó con el ruido repentino.
10. (to protrude)
a. salirse
His eyes started when he saw her in that red dress.Se le salían los ojos cuando la vio con ese vestido rojo.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
11. (beginning)
a. el comienzo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The start of the tournament will take place at two o'clock.El comienzo de torneo tendrá lugar a las dos en punto.
b. el principio
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Be patient at the start of the race; save your strength.Ten paciencia al principio de la carrera; ahorra fuerzas.
12. (departure point)
a. la salida
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The start of the race will be on my street.La salida de la carrera será en mi calle.
b. la línea de salida
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Please, all runners go to the start.Por favor, todos los corredores acudan a la línea de salida.
c. la línea de partida
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The runners left the start at nine o'clock.Los corredores salieron de la línea de partida a las nueve en punto.
13. (sudden movement)
a. el respingo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The student gave a start when the teacher called his name.El alumno dio un respingo cuando el profesor dijo su nombre.
b. el sobresalto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I woke up with a start because I thought I was late for work.Me levanté de un sobresalto porque pensé que iba tarde para el trabajo.
14. (sports)
a. la ventaja
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Our team had a five-minute start over our competitors.Nuestro equipo tuvo una ventaja de cinco minutos sobre nuestros contrincantes.
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