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Quick answer
"Before" is an adverb which is often translated as "antes", and "within" is a preposition which is often translated as "dentro de". Learn more about the difference between "before" and "within" below.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (previously)
a. antes
We've met before; you don't have to introduce him to me.Ya nos conocemos; no me lo tienes que presentar.
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
2. (preceding in time)
a. antes de
Always wash your hands before dinner.Siempre debes lavarte las manos antes de cenar.
3. (in front of)
a. ante
I had never performed before such a large crowd.Nunca había actuado ante una multitud tan grande.
b. delante de
They were married before a small gathering of friends and family.Se casaron delante de un pequeño grupo de amigos y familia.
4. (in importance)
a. antes que
A poet is, before anything else, a person who is in love with language.Un poeta es, antes que nada, una persona enamorada de los idiomas.
A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, clauses, or sentences (e.g. The cat and the dog slept.).
5. (used to indicate time)
a. antes de que
Finish your homework before mom gets home.Acaba tus deberes antes de que mamá llegue a casa.
6. (used to indicate preference)
a. antes que
I will die on my feet before living on my knees.Moriré de pie antes que vivir de rodillas.
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A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (inside of)
a. dentro de
You have the right to travel freely within the borders of our country.Tiene derecho a viajar libremente dentro de las fronteras de nuestro país.
2. (not beyond)
a. dentro de
Ask for whatever you want on your birthday, within reason.Pide lo que quieras para tu cumpleaños, dentro de lo razonable.
b. a menos de
I prefer that my workplace be within five miles of my home.Prefiero que mi lugar de trabajo esté a menos de cinco millas de mi hogar.
3. (related to time)
a. dentro de
You should finish the questionnaire within ten minutes.Deberías acabar el cuestionario dentro de diez minutos.
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