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Quick answer
"Before" is an adverb which is often translated as "antes", and "till" is a preposition which is often translated as "hasta". Learn more about the difference between "before" and "till" below.
before(
bi
-
fawr
)
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (previously)
a. antes
We've met before; you don't have to introduce him to me.Ya nos conocemos; no me lo tienes que presentar.
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
2. (preceding in time)
a. antes de
Always wash your hands before dinner.Siempre debes lavarte las manos antes de cenar.
3. (in front of)
a. ante
I had never performed before such a large crowd.Nunca había actuado ante una multitud tan grande.
b. delante de
They were married before a small gathering of friends and family.Se casaron delante de un pequeño grupo de amigos y familia.
4. (in importance)
a. antes que
A poet is, before anything else, a person who is in love with language.Un poeta es, antes que nada, una persona enamorada de los idiomas.
A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, clauses, or sentences (e.g. The cat and the dog slept.).
5. (used to indicate time)
a. antes de que
Finish your homework before mom gets home.Acaba tus deberes antes de que mamá llegue a casa.
6. (used to indicate preference)
a. antes que
I will die on my feet before living on my knees.Moriré de pie antes que vivir de rodillas.
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till(
tihl
)
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (until)
a. hasta
I won't see him again till next year.No volveré a verlo hasta el año que viene.
A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, clauses, or sentences (e.g. The cat and the dog slept.).
2. (until)
a. hasta
We danced till the sun came out.Bailamos hasta que salió el sol.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
3. (cash register) (United Kingdom)
a. la caja registradora
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I took out a $20 bill from the till and gave it to the customer.Saqué un billete de $20 de la caja registradora y se lo di al cliente.
b. la caja
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The manager counts the money in the till at the end of the night.El gerente cuenta el dinero dentro de la caja al acabar la noche.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
4. (agriculture)
a. labrar
The local farmers taught me how to till the soil with a shovel.Los granjeros locales me enseñaron a labrar la tierra con una pala.
b. cultivar
We must till the land before anything can be harvested.Hay que cultivar la tierra antes de que se pueda cosechar algo.
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