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Quick answer
"Before" is an adverb which is often translated as "antes", and "after" is a preposition which is often translated as "después de". Learn more about the difference between "before" and "after" below.
before(
bi
-
fawr
)
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (previously)
a. antes
We've met before; you don't have to introduce him to me.Ya nos conocemos; no me lo tienes que presentar.
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
2. (preceding in time)
a. antes de
Always wash your hands before dinner.Siempre debes lavarte las manos antes de cenar.
3. (in front of)
a. ante
I had never performed before such a large crowd.Nunca había actuado ante una multitud tan grande.
b. delante de
They were married before a small gathering of friends and family.Se casaron delante de un pequeño grupo de amigos y familia.
4. (in importance)
a. antes que
A poet is, before anything else, a person who is in love with language.Un poeta es, antes que nada, una persona enamorada de los idiomas.
A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, clauses, or sentences (e.g. The cat and the dog slept.).
5. (used to indicate time)
a. antes de que
Finish your homework before mom gets home.Acaba tus deberes antes de que mamá llegue a casa.
6. (used to indicate preference)
a. antes que
I will die on my feet before living on my knees.Moriré de pie antes que vivir de rodillas.
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after(
ahf
-
tuhr
)
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (used to indicate time)
a. después de
Hey, what are you doing after work today? Do you want to go for a drink?Oye, ¿qué haces después del trabajo hoy? ¿Quieres ir a tomar un trago?
2. (used to indicate order)
a. después de
The pen was invented after the pencil.El bolígrafo se inventó después del lápiz.
b. tras (indicating repetition)
The protesters have come day after day for weeks, seeking justice.Los manifestantes han venido día tras día durante semanas buscando justicia.
3. (in search of)
a. tras
She is obviously after his fortune; that's why she married him.Obviamente va tras su fortuna; por eso se casó con él.
4. (in the style of)
a. al modo de
Much of Roman architecture was after the Greek style.Mucha de la arquitectura romana fue al modo del estilo griego.
5. (in honor of)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
I was named after my grandfather.Me pusieron el nombre de mi abuelo.
The family has donated so much money to the university that they're naming a building after them.La familia le ha donado tanto dinero a la universidad que están nombrando un edificio en su honor.
6. (considering)
a. después de
You deserve it after all you have been through.Te lo mereces después de todo lo que has pasado.
7. (used to tell the time)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
a. y
We'd better leave. It's twenty after nine already.Deberíamos irnos. Ya son las nueve y veinte.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
8. (later)
a. después
They met in June and got married soon after.Se conocieron en junio y se casaron poco después.
9. (behind)
a. detrás
It can be dangerous; stay after.Puede ser peligroso; quédate detrás.
A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, clauses, or sentences (e.g. The cat and the dog slept.).
10. (when)
a. después de que
Go to bed after brushing your teeth.Vete a dormir después de que te cepilles los dientes.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
11.
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
A word or phrase restricted in usage to literature or established writing (e.g. sex, once upon a time).
(literary)
(subsequent)
a. posterior
Miriam regretted her decision not to marry Tony in after years.Miriam se arrepentía de no haberse casado con Tony en años posteriores.
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