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Quick answer
"Badly" is an adverb which is often translated as "mal", and "light" is a noun which is often translated as "la luz". Learn more about the difference between "badly" and "light" below.
badly(
bahd
-
li
)
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (poorly)
a. mal
I understand French but speak it badly.Entiendo el francés, pero lo hablo mal.
2. (unfavorably)
a. mal
Things have been going badly for me at work lately.Últimamente las cosas me están yendo mal en el trabajo.
3. (wrongly)
a. mal
He treats his employees badly. He always criticizes and never praises them.Trata mal a sus empleados. Siempre los critica y nunca los elogia.
4. (seriously)
a. gravemente
Sheila was badly injured in the car crash.Sheila resultó gravemente herida en el accidente de auto.
5. (greatly)
a. muy (before an adjective)
Sharon felt badly hurt when she found out that James had been criticizing her behind her back.Sharon se sintió muy herida cuando se enteró de que James la había estado criticando a sus espaldas.
b. mucho
I realize I need my wife badly. I don't know what I'd do without her.Me doy cuenta de que necesito mucho a mi esposa. No sé qué haría sin ella.
6. (spectacularly)
a. estrepitosamente
He failed badly as a photographer, but found success as a writer.Fracasó estrepitosamente como fotógrafo, pero tuvo éxito como escritor.
7. (urgently)
a. desesperadamente
The fields badly need water. The drought has lasted too long.Los campos necesitan agua desesperadamente. La sequía ha durado demasiado.
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light(
layt
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (illumination)
a. la luz
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
We danced by the light of the moon.Bailamos a la luz de la luna.
2. (lamp)
a. la luz
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Could you turn on the light, please?¿Podría encender la luz, por favor?
3. (traffic signal)
a. el semáforo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
You have to stop at the red light.Te tienes que detener cuando el semáforo está en rojo.
4. (fire)
a. el fuego
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Have you got a light?¿Tiene usted fuego?
5. (understanding or consideration)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
After the discussion, I saw him in a new light.Después de la conversación, lo vi con otros ojos.
In light of the recent shooting, all public schools will be closed Monday.Debido al tiroteo reciente, todas las escuelas públicas se cerrarán el lunes.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
6. (low-calorie)
a. bajo en calorías
We will use light mayo for the sauce.Utilizaremos mayonesa baja en calorías para la salsa.
b. light
If you want to consume fewer calories, buy light beer.Si quieres consumir menos calorías, compra cerveza light.
7. (not heavy)
a. ligero
He always packs a light suitcase when he travels.Siempre hace una maleta ligera cuando viaja.
b. liviano
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
I should've brought a lighter jacket; this one is too warm.Me hubiera traído una chaqueta más liviana; esta es demasiado caliente.
8. (referring to colors)
a. claro
I prefer light blue for the background.Prefiero azul claro para el fondo.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
9. (to set alight)
a. encender
I will light the fire while you prepare dinner.Encenderé el fuego mientras tú haces la cena.
b. prender
The woman took a sip of wine and lighted a cigarette.La mujer dio un sorbo al vino y prendió un cigarrillo.
10. (to illuminate)
a. alumbrar
I lit the way at the camp with a flashlight.Alumbré el camino en el campamento con una linterna.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
11. (to catch fire)
a. encenderse
The fire took long to light because it was very windy.La hoguera tardó en encenderse porque hacía mucho viento.
b. prender
The logs were damp and wouldn't light.Los troncos estaban húmedos y no prendían.
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