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Quick answer
"Él" is a pronoun which is often translated as "he", and "sus hermanos" is a phrase which is often translated as "his siblings". Learn more about the difference between "él" and "sus hermanos" below.
él(
ehl
)
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
1. (personal)
a. he (subject)
Él ha sido mi mejor amigo por 15 años.He has been my best friend for 15 years.
b. him (object)
Dale el libro a él.Give the book to him.
c. it (things or animals)
Ese insecto parece inocente pero todavía tengo miedo de él.That bug seems harmless but I still am afraid of it.
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sus hermanos(
soos
 
ehr
-
mah
-
nohs
)
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
phrase
1. (his or her relatives; third person singular)
a. his siblings
Sus hermanos son todos médicos. - ¿Su hermana pequeña también?All his siblings are doctors. - His little sister as well?
b. her siblings
¿Se parecen a ella sus hermanos? - Sí, sobre todo Carmen.Do her siblings look like her? - Yes, Carmen above all.
c. his brothers and sisters
Sus hermanos son más altos que él. - Bueno, Celia no.His brothers and sisters are taller than him. - Well, not Celia.
d. her brothers and sisters
¿Conoces a sus hermanos? - Solo a Irene y Rodrigo.Have you met her brothers and sisters? - Only Irene and Rodrigo.
2.
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
(your relatives; second person singular)
a. your siblings
¿Se independizaron sus hermanos? - Solo mi hermana Olga.Have your siblings left home? - Only my sister Olga.
b. your brothers and sisters
Sus hermanos están todos casados, ¿verdad? - Sí, tengo dos cuñados y dos cuñadas.Your brothers and sisters are all married, aren't they? - Yes, I have two brothers-in-law and two sisters-in-law.
3. (their relatives; third person plural)
a. their siblings
Los que padecen esta enfermedad la han heredado de sus padres, y podría estar latente en sus hermanos.Those who suffer from this illness have inherited it from their parents, and it could be latent in their siblings.
b. their brothers and sisters
¿Conoces a Sandra y Alfredo?¿Y a sus hermanos?Have you met Sandra and Alfredo? And their brothers and sisters?
4. (your relatives; second person plural)
a. your siblings
Ustedes tres viven en Madrid, ¿verdad? ¿Y sus hermanos?You three live in Madrid, don't you? And your siblings?
b. your brothers and sisters
Sus hermanos son muy distintos unos de otros. Ana y Eva, por ejemplo, no tienen nada en común.Your brothers and sisters are very different from each other. Ana and Eva, for instance, have nothing in common.
5. (his or her male relatives; third person singular)
a. his brothers
Todos sus hermanos tienen novia, pero él todavía no.All his brothers have a girlfriend, but he hasn't yet.
b. her brothers
Sus hermanos están internos en un colegio de frailes.Her brothers are boarders at a school run by monks.
6.
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
(your male relatives; second person singular)
a. your brothers
Conozco a sus hermanos, pero no a sus hermanas.I've met your brothers, but not your sisters.
7. (their male relatives; third person plural)
a. their brothers
Sus hermanos son mucho más simpáticos que ellos.Their brothers are much nicer than they are.
8. (your male relatives; second person plural)
a. your brothers
Sus hermanos se parecen a su padre, y sus hermanas a su madre, pero ustedes dos no se parecen a nadie.Your brothers look like your father, and your sisters like your mother, but you two don't look like anyone.
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