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Quick answer
"Él" is a pronoun which is often translated as "he", and "libro" is a noun which is often translated as "book". Learn more about the difference between "él" and "libro" below.
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
1. (personal)
a. he (subject)
Él ha sido mi mejor amigo por 15 años.He has been my best friend for 15 years.
b. him (object)
Dale el libro a él.Give the book to him.
c. it (things or animals)
Ese insecto parece inocente pero todavía tengo miedo de él.That bug seems harmless but I still am afraid of it.
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A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (publication)
a. book
Leer un libro es perderse en otro mundo.To read a book is to get lost in another world.
Esperamos una hora para que el autor firmara nuestra copia de su libro.We waited an hour for the author to sign our copy of his book.
2. (finance)
a. book
Contrataron a un contable para que llevara los libros de la empresa.They hired an accountant to manage the company's books.
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