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Quick answer
"Él" is a pronoun which is often translated as "he", and "conductor" is a noun which is often translated as "driver". Learn more about the difference between "él" and "conductor" below.
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
1. (personal)
a. he (subject)
Él ha sido mi mejor amigo por 15 años.He has been my best friend for 15 years.
b. him (object)
Dale el libro a él.Give the book to him.
c. it (things or animals)
Ese insecto parece inocente pero todavía tengo miedo de él.That bug seems harmless but I still am afraid of it.
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el conductor, la conductora(
This means that the noun can be masculine or feminine, depending on the gender of person it refers to (e.g. el doctor, la doctora).
1. (person who drives)
a. driver
Resultó que el conductor del taxi era de Cádiz, como yo.The taxi driver turned out to be from Cádiz, just like me.
2. (TV and radio)
a. presenter
Se hizo muy popular como conductor de las noticias de la tele.He became very popular as a TV news presenter.
b. host
El conductor del programa entrevistó a varios escritores nóveles.The host of the show interviewed several young new writers.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
3. (physics)
a. conductor
El agua es un buen conductor de la electricidad.Water is a good conductor of electricity.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
4. (physics)
a. conductive
La cerámica es un material conductor del calor, lo que explica muchas de sus aplicaciones.Ceramic is a heat conductive material, which explains many of its applications.
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