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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (to endure)
a. sufrir
The athletes underwent arduous training in order to complete the triathlon.Los atletas sufrieron un entrenamiento riguroso para completar el triatlón.
b. padecer
Nobody should have to undergo as much hardship as that poor young orphan has.Nadie debería padecer tantas dificultades como ese pobre joven huérfano.
c. experimentar
Every year, we have to undergo a review to determine if we deserve raises.Tenemos que experimentar una revisión anual para determinar si nos merecemos aumentos.
2. (medicine)
a. someterse a
My uncle has to undergo a yearly scan since the removal of his brain tumor.Mi tío tiene que someterse a que le hagan un escáner cada año desde que le extirparon su tumor cerebral.
b. ser sometido a
I had to undergo numerous tests before my doctor could prescribe the new medication.Tuve que ser sometido a numerosas pruebas antes de que mi doctora me recetara el medicamento nuevo.
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An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
intransitive verb
1. (change)
a. experimentar
2. (test)
a. ser sometido(a) a
3. (pain)
a. sufrir
to undergo treatmentrecibir tratamiento
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
undergo [ˈʌndəˈɡəʊ] underwent (past)undergone (participle:past) [ˈʌndəˈɡɒn]
transitive verb
sufrir; experimentar; [+treatment] recibir; [+operation] someterse a
to undergo repairs ser reparado
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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