train
Listen to an audio pronunciation
Listen to an audio pronunciation
Listen to an audio pronunciation
train(
treyn
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (transport)
a. el tren
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
They just boarded the train to Madrid.Acaban de abordar el tren para Madrid.
2. (a series of)
a. la serie
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The death of her cat added to the train of unfortunate events that month.La muerte de su gato añadió a la serie de eventos desfortunados ese mes.
b. la línea
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(of thought)
The sudden noise interrupted his train of thought.El ruido súbito interrumpió su línea de pensamiento.
3. (of a dress)
a. la cola
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The maid of honor was not there to lift the bride's train.La dama de honor no estaba para levantar la cola de la novia.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
4. (to coach)
a. entrenar
She trained the players well and it showed on the field.Ella entrenó a los jugadores bien y eso se notaba en el campo.
5. (to teach)
a. formar
We trained over 300 nurses last year at our hospital.El año pasado formamos a más de 300 enfermeros en nuestro hospital.
6. (to teach an animal)
a. adiestrar
We hired a company to train our crazy dog.Contratamos a una empresa para adiestrar a nuestro perro loco.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
7. (sports)
a. entrenarse
The player trained all winter to be ready for the soccer season.El jugador se entrenó todo el invierno para estar listo para la temporada de fútbol.
8. (to learn a skill)
a. estudiar
He trained to be a nurse.Él estudió para ser enfermero.
b. formarse
I decided to train to be an electrician.Decidí formarme para ser electricista.
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
train
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (means of transport)
a. el tren
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
by trainen tren
2. (series)
a. la concatenación f, serie
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
train of thoughtpensamientos mpl
3. (retinue)
a. el séquito
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
4. (of dress)
a. la cola
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
5. (person)
a. formar, adiestrar
6. (animal, ear)
a. adiestrar, educar
7. (in sport)
a. entrenar
to train somebody for something/to do somethingadiestrar a alguien para algo/para hacer algo
8. (gun, telescope)
a. dirigir
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
9. (athlete, soldier)
a. entrenar(se)
to train as a nurse/teacherestudiar para (ser) enfermero(a)/maestro(a)
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
train [treɪn]
noun
1 (Ferro) tren (m)
the train pulled into the station
diesel/electric train tren (m) diesel/eléctrico; express/fast/slow train tren (m) expreso/rápido/ordinario; high-speed train tren (m) de alta velocidad; steam train tren (m) de vapor; connecting train tren (m) de enlace; through train (tren (m)) directo (m)
to catch a train (to) coger or tomar un tren (a); (LAm)
I've got a train to catch tengo que coger or tomar un tren; (LAm)
we can catch the early morning train I caught a train to Oxford
to change trains cambiar de tren; hacer tra(n)sbordo
we'll have to change trains at Carlisle we barely had enough time to change trains
to go by train ir en tren
he arrived by train yesterday we are planning to go by train
to send sth by train mandar algo por ferrocarril
the parcel was too big for normal mail, so they sent it by train they sent their luggage ahead by train
to take the train coger or tomar el tren; (LAm)
we took the 3.00 train which train are you getting?
to travel by train viajar en tren
2 (line) [of people, vehicles] fila (f); [of mules, camels] recua (f); reata (f)
a train of reporters followed her everywhere una cohorte de reporteros la seguía a todos sitios
a train of cars a long train of oil tankers this used to be done with a baggage train of camels train of camels
3 (sequence) serie (f)
a train of disasters/events una serie de catástrofes/acontecimientos
train of [events] the ensuing train of events led to his resignation there was nothing we could do to halt a train of events which seemed unstoppable They were all adults in that car and any one of them could have stopped that train of events with one word. It was just a tragic accident
the earthquake brought great suffering in its train el terremoto trajo consigo gran sufrimiento
the availability of contraception brought in its train a fundamental shift in attitudes The fundamental transformation of a peasant economy into a powerful capitalist nation has brought in its train a fundamental shift of population from rural to urban areas in their train, cars have brought a host of other problems the recession is biting deep, and it is bringing human misery in its train it is [in] train
the next stage of the operation was well in train la siguiente fase de la operación ya estaba en marcha
their modernization plan was in train serious negotiations were in train during the summer of 1984 in a moment the farewell ceremony was in train the modernization process in train in Poland
to put sth in trainset sth in train poner algo en marcha
economic reforms set in train by the government since Mr Castell joined the company a management an operational shake-up has been put in train Poland, the country which arguably set in train the crumbling of Communist power these two powers were being drawn inexorably together by events on the continent, many of which had been set in train by Germany the missionaries set in train a familiar cycle: white man's diseases took hold, and the Indians began to abandon their customs and traditional agriculture the dismantling of the Soviet empire, which Gorbachev has put in train
train of thought
to lose one's train of thought perder el hilo; you're interrupting my train of thought me cortas el hilo de mis pensamientos; they were both silent, each following her own train of thought estaban las dos calladas, cada una pensando en lo suyo
I don't want to break his train of thought this train of thought led him back to Pamela he began another train of thought he kept encouraging this train of thought in her
4 (entourage) séquito (m); comitiva (f)
5 [of dress] cola (f)
to carry sb's train llevar la cola del vestido de algn
the bride was wearing a dress with a long white train
6 (Mec) [of gears] tren (m)
transitive verb
1 (instruct) [+staff] formar; [+worker] (in new technique) capacitar; [+soldier, pilot] adiestrar; [+athlete, team] entrenar; [+animal] (for task) adiestrar; (to do tricks) amaestrar; [+racehorse] entrenar; preparar
our staff are trained to the highest standards el nivel de formación de nuestros empleados es del más alto nivel; you've got him well trained! ¡le tienes bien enseñado! (humorous)
over the 12-month period, they managed to train 181 pilots
he was trained in Salamanca (for qualification) estudió en Salamanca; (for job) recibió su formación profesional en Salamanca
we train them in bricklaying and other building techniques he has spent a year training crews for next month's round the world race he trains top athletes he owns and trains horses the filly was trained by a top stable the extraordinary care she takes in raising and training her dogs we watch elephants being trained for zoos and circuses to train sb to do sth
to train sb to do sth: his troops are trained to kill a sus tropas se les enseña a matar; professional counsellors are trained to be objective los consejeros profesionales están capacitados or adiestrados para ser objetivos; he had trained himself to write left-handed aprendió por su cuenta a escribir con la izquierda; train yourself to think positively habitúate a pensar de manera positiva; the dogs were trained to attack intruders se adiestraba a los perros para que atacaran a los intrusos
men were trained to conceal their emotions his troops are trained to kill/to obey orders the US was ready to train its troops to participate
to train sb for sth
the programme trains young people for jobs in computing el programa forma a la gente joven para realizar trabajos en informática; nobody trains you for the job of being a parent nadie te enseña a ser padre
China trained a team especially for the Games
to train sb in sth
officers trained in the use of firearms oficiales entrenados or adiestrados en el uso de armas de fuego; they are training women in non-traditional female jobs están formando a mujeres en trabajos que tradicionalmente no realizan las mujeres
the Navy doesn't promise to train you in anything, but they do their best to train you in whatever you want it would also provide an opportunity to train doctors in the administration of the drug they train their staff in stress management and relaxation techniques the company is spending 30 million dollars a year training employees in reading and math skills
2 (develop) [+voice, mind] educar
before launching into self-hypnosis it helps to train your mind to focus on your suggestions this trains the mind to react almost instantaneously my degree will help me train my mind and improve my chances of getting a job a good education will train the mind piano lessons helped train his ear for music once you've got this far with visualization you should go on to training your memory aerobic exercise trains your heart and lungs she spent months training her voice to sing blues regular practice will train your body to relax
3 (direct) [+gun] apuntar;on a; [+camera, telescope] enfocar;on a
his gun was trained on Jo apuntaba a Jo con la pistola; the camera was trained on me la cámara me estaba enfocando
she trained her binoculars on the horizon Sharpe trained his telescope on the far ridge I kept the beam of the torch trained on her face police cameras had been specifically trained on that area
4 (guide) [+plant] guiar;up, along por
greenery trained along ceiling beams plant a climber in a large tub and train it round the window and door the cucumbers were trained up canes in the greenhouse you could even fix a trellis to your walls and train plants to grow up it
intransitive verb
1 (learn a skill) estudiar
where did you train? (for qualification) ¿dónde estudió?; (for job) ¿dónde se formó?
he turned up at the hospital where I was training to train [as] [to be] sth
he trained to be a lawyer estudió derecho; she was training to be a teacher estudiaba para (ser) maestra; estudiaba magisterio
I trained hard for this job and I don't know how to do anything else I trained hard for this job
she trained as a hairdresser estudió peluquería; aprendió el oficio de peluquera
he's training for the priesthood estudia para meterse en el sacerdocio
2 (Dep) entrenar; entrenarse
I train for six hours a day (me) entreno seis horas diarias
she trains at least six hours every day with the prospect of Olympic glory\ they have been training hard\ our coach was always on the sidelines watching us train
to train for sth entrenar(se) para algo
he was training for the London marathon
modifier
train crash (n) accidente (m) ferroviario
train driver (n) maquinista (m)
train fare (n)
I gave him the money for the train fare le di dinero para el billete de tren
the train fare was £20 train fares have gone up again
train journey (n) viaje (m) en tren
train service (n) servicio (m) de trenes
train set (n) tren (m) de juguete con vías, estaciones etc; (con vías, estaciones etc)
train station (n) estación (f) de ferrocarril; estación (f) de tren
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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