harden

harden(
har
-
dihn
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (to make hard)
a. endurecer
The fletcher heated the arrow over the fire in order to harden it.El flechero calentó la flecha sobre el fuego para endurecerla.
b. curtir (skin)
Years of exposure to the sun had dried and hardened her skin.Años de exposición al sol le habían secado y curtido la piel.
c. templar (metal)
Swiftly thrusting the sword into the water hardens the steel.El hecho de meter enseguida la espada en el agua templa el acero.
2. (to desensitize)
a. endurecer
Aurelio's failed relationships had hardened his heart.Las relaciones fracasadas de Aurelio le habían endurecido el corazón.
3. (to make stronger)
a. afianzar
The news hardened his resolve never to smoke again.La noticia afianzó su decisión de no volver a fumar nunca.
b. reafirmar
The swimmer's failure at the previous Olympics only hardened her determination to win at the next games.El fracaso de la nadadora en las anteriores olimpiadas solo reafirmó su determinación de ganar en los siguientes juegos.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
intransitive verb
4. (to become hard)
a. endurecerse
The rock hardens as it cools.La roca se endurece a medida que se enfría.
5. (to become desensitized)
a. endurecerse
Esther's face hardened when she heard the news.El rostro de Esther se endureció al oír la noticia.
b. insensibilizarse
Rodrigo knew it was better to forgive than to harden.Rodrigo sabía que era mejor perdonar que insensibilizarse.
6. (finance)
a. consolidarse
Stock prices have hardened this week, which is giving investors increased confidence.Las cotizaciones bursátiles se han consolidado esta semana, lo cual está dando más confianza a los inversores.
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harden
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (general)
a. endurecer
to harden oneself to somethinginsensibilizarse a algo
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
intransitive verb
2. (substance, attitude)
a. endurecerse
harden [ˈhɑːdn]
transitive verb
1 (make hard) [+substance] endurecer; [+steel] templar; [+skin] curtir; endurecer
2 (make tough, harsh) endurecer
the experience had hardened her la experiencia la había endurecido; to harden sb to adversity acostumbrar a algn a hacerse fuerte ante la adversidad
to harden sb to war
to harden one's heart
years of putting up with his violent outbursts had hardened her heart después de años de sufrir sus arranques de violencia se le había endurecido el corazón; she hardened her heart and refused to have him back hizo de tripas corazón or se hizo fuerte y se negó a aceptarlo de nuevo
3 (make determined)
these experiences hardened her resolve estas experiencias la afianzaron en su propósito; the workers' behaviour only served to harden the attitude of the managers el comportamiento de los obreros solo contribuyó a reforzar la actitud de la dirección
4 (Comm) (stabilize) estabilizar; consolidar
intransitive verb
1 (become hard) [+clay, arteries, icing] endurecerse; [+cement] fraguar
2 (become harsh, severe) [+person, expression, eyes] endurecerse
his voice hardened el tono de su voz se endureció; adoptó un tono más áspero; my heart hardened against her mi corazón se volvió contra ella; what happened only caused him to harden in his determination to continue lo que sucedió solo le afianzó más en su propósito de seguir
Daisy had gradually hardened, until she was now a rather stern, unfeeling person the old man's heart had hardened over the years, and he was no longer the affable chap the he had once been
3 (Comm) (stabilize) [+prices, economy] estabilizarse; consolidarse
property prices are just beginning to harden again
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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