account for
Listen to an audio pronunciation
Listen to an audio pronunciation
Listen to an audio pronunciation
account for(
uh
-
kaunt
 
fawr
)
A transitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and requires a direct object (e.g. Take out the trash.).
transitive verb phrase
1. (to give a record of)
a. dar cuentas de
You will be required to account for any business expenses claimed.Tendrá que dar cuentas de cualquier gasto de la empresa que quiera desgravar.
2. (to explain)
a. explicar
You say you haven't drunk anything, but how do you account for all these empty beer cans?Dices que no has tomado nada, pero ¿cómo explicas todas estas latas de cerveza vacías?
3. (to take into account)
a. tener en cuenta
Did you account for the cost of materials in your estimate for the building work?¿Tuviste en cuenta el costo de los materiales al hacer el presupuesto de la obra?
4. (to constitute)
a. representar
My rent accounts for nearly half my wages.El alquiler representa casi la mitad de mi sueldo.
5. (to know the whereabouts of)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Dozens of people have yet to be accounted for after yesterday's earthquake.Tras el terremoto de ayer, decenas de personas están todavía en paradero desconocido.
Everyone in the party was accounted for, so the teacher told the bus driver to set off.No faltaba nadie del grupo, así que el profesor le dijo al concuctor del autobús que se pusiera en marcha.
6. (to eliminate)
a. dar cuenta de
Enemy bombing accounted for several iconic buildings in the capital.Los bombardeos enemigos dieron cuenta de varios edificios emblemáticos de la capital.
b. acabar con
The flu epidemic of 1918 accounted for millions of lives.La epidemia de gripe de 1918 acabó con millones de vidas.
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account for
A transitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and requires a direct object (e.g. Take out the trash.).
transitive verb phrase
1. (explain, justify)
a. explicar
I can't a for itno puedo dar cuenta de ello
five people have still not been accounted fortodavía no se conoce la suerte de cinco personas
there's no accounting for tastesobre gustos no hay nada escrito
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
account for
intransitive verb
1 (explain) explicar; justificar
how do you account for it? ¿cómo lo explica or justifica usted?; I cannot account for it no me lo explico; that accounts for it esa es la razón or la explicación
there's no accounting for taste(s) sobre gustos no hay nada escrito
2 (give reckoning of) [+actions, expenditure] dar cuenta de; responder de
everything is now accounted for ya se ha dado cuenta de todo; todo está completo ya; many are still not accounted for aún se desconoce la suerte que han corrido muchas personas
3 (represent) representar; suponer
Computers account for 5% of the country's commercial electricity consumption
children account for 5% of the audience los niños representan or suponen el 5 por ciento de la audiencia
4 (destroy, kill) acabar con
one bomb accounted for the power station una bomba acabó con la central eléctrica; they accounted for three stags mataron tres ciervos; the ship accounted for three enemy aircraft el barco derribó tres aviones enemigos
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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