A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (to make sharp)
a. afilar
You may need to sharpen the knife before you cut the meat.Puede que tengas que afilar el cuchillo antes de cortar la carne.
b. sacar punta a (pencil)
You can't sharpen that pencil anymore. Do you want to borrow a pen?Ya no puedes sacarle más punta a ese lápiz. ¿Quieres que te preste un bolígrafo?
2. (to intensify)
a. aguzar
If you want to sharpen your senses, your best bet is to practice meditation.Si quieres aguzar tus sentidos, lo mejor es practicar meditación.
b. refinar
I think you'll have to sharpen your skills if you want to be accepted at a conservatory.Creo que vas a tener que refinar tus habilidades si quieres que te admitan en un conservatorio.
c. abrir (appetite)
The smell of the meal he was cooking only served to sharpen my appetite.El olor de la comida que estaba cocinando solo sirvió para abrirme el apetito.
3. (to make clearer)
a. definir
Adjust the camera lens to sharpen what you see in the viewfinder.Ajusta la lente de la cámara para definir lo que ves por el visor.
b. hacer más nítido
The edges are still a little blurry. Can you sharpen this image?Los bordes todavía están un poco desenfocados. ¿Puedes hacer esta imagen más nítida?
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
intransitive verb
4. (to become more intense)
a. agudizarse (pain, illness)
As the sun set and the temperature fell, the pain in her arm sharpened.Cuando cayó el sol y bajó la temperatura, el dolor del brazo se agudizó.
b. avivarse
After seeing him with another woman, her desire sharpened.Al verlo con otra mujer, su deseo se avivó.
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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (knife, tool)
a. afilar
2. (pencil)
a. sacar punta a
3. (pain, desire)
a. agudizar
to sharpen one's witsagudizar el ingenio
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
sharpen [ˈʃɑːpən]
transitive verb
1 (make sharp) [+tool, blade] afilar; [+pencil] sacar punta a; afilar
to sharpen sth to a point afilar algo hasta sacarle punta
Each sword blade was thirty-five inches of heavy steel that had been sharpened to a spear point
2 (intensify, increase) [+reactions] agudizar; [+resolve] aumentar; [+contrast] marcar; [+appetite] abrir; [+skills] mejorar
this will sharpen awareness of other people's needs esto hará que se tome más conciencia de las necesidades de los demás
intensive training has sharpened his responses/reactions this setback only served to sharpen my resolve a policy that will have the effect of sharpening distinctions between the haves and the have-nots the fight over legislation will sharpen the differences between Republicans and Democrats training programs for older workers to sharpen their job-seeking and interview skills Ginny tried to sharpen some rusty typing skills You can sharpen your interview technique with rehearsal
to sharpen one's wits espabilarse
3 (make clearer) [+image] definir; hacer más nítido
He adjusts the contrast to sharpen the image
intransitive verb
[+voice] volverse más agudo
he felt his interest sharpen as you become more practised your senses sharpen as social conflict sharpened, the dominant classes tried to `find new methods and forms of action, intended to channel the dissatisfaction of the masses on a diversionary path he looked at her more closely and /his voice sharpened/. `Jessica, what is it?
[+desire] avivarse; [+pain] agudizarse;
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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