In English, "shall" is classified as an auxiliary verb to indicate the future tense of a verb that comes after it. In Spanish, the future tense is expressed by an inflection of the verb.
An auxiliary verb, or helper verb, is a conjugated verb that comes before a main verb and determines the main verb's tense, mood, or aspect (e.g. I have gone.).
auxiliary verb
1. (in statements about the future)
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
I shan't tell you again.No pienso volver a decírtelo.
We shall see what happens.Veremos lo qué pasa.
2. (making suggestions)
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Let's leave it for tomorrow, shall we?¿Lo dejamos para mañana?
Shall we invite them?¿Los invitamos?
3. (emphatic)
a. deber
The client shall make timely payments, or be charged penalties.El cliente deberá hacer pagos oportunos, o sufrirá recargos.
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[stressed ʃæl, unstressed ʃəl]
modal auxiliar verbo
En el inglés hablado, y en el escrito en estilo coloquial, el verbo shall se contrae de manera que I/you/he etc shall se transforman en I'll/you'll/he'll etc. La forma negativa shall not se transforma en shan't.
1. (with first person) (expressing intentions, promises, predictions)
  • I shall be there if I can si puedo, estaré allí
  • I shan't say this more than once esto no lo voy a repetir
  • we shall take note of your comments tendremos en cuenta tus comentarios
  • as we shall see como veremos
2. (Formal) (with 2nd and 3rd person) (expressing determination)
  • you shall pay for this! ¡me las pagarás or vas a pagar!
  • they shall not pass no pasarán
3. (making suggestions, offers)
  • shall I open the window? ¿abro la ventana?
  • shall I make some coffee? ¿preparo café?
4. (indicating rule)
  • all members shall be entitled to vote todos los socios tendrán derecho al voto
  • the term “company property” shall be understood to include… se entiende que el término “propiedad de la empresa” comprende…
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
shall [ʃæl]
modal verb
1 (used to form 1st person in future tense and questions)
I shall go yo iré
no I shall not (come) no I shan't (come) no, yo no (vendré or voy a venir)
shall I go now? ¿me voy ahora?; let's go in, shall we? ¿entramos?; shall we let him? ¿se lo permitimos?; shall we hear from you soon? ¿te pondrás en contacto pronto?
2 (in commands, emphatic)
you shall pay for this! ¡me las vas a pagar!; "but I wanted to see him" — "and so you shall" —pero quería verle —y le vas a ver
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
no direct translation
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