1 (evidence) prueba(s) (f)plural

; (p) do you have any proof of this? ¿tienes pruebas de esto?; it is proof that he is innocent eso prueba su inocencia

in the absence of any proof, he was acquitted nobody has ever claimed to have seen him and /there is no certain proof of his existence/ it proves, if proof were needed, that she was telling the truth you have to have proof of residence in the state of Texas, such as a Texas ID card economists have been concerned with establishing proofs for their arguments if you have any proof of that allegation, may I suggest that you make it known I've got proof that he did it this is not necessarily proof that he is wrong what proof have you that this was ordered? there is no proof that moderate coffee drinking is harmful The Maxwell family has failed to provide conclusive proof that the tycoon's death was accidental

*as* (a) *or* *in* proof of como *or* en prueba de as proof of their good intentions they released two hostages they needed to show agression as proof of their virility Perseus slew Medusa and decapitated her, taking her head as proof of his deed the official media have trumpeted China's athletic prowess as proof of the achievements of communism proof of posting will not be accepted as proof of entry - the judges' decision will be final suspicion was not proof of murder taking risks was proof of one's manliness one look at her was proof enough of what she had gone through

the *burden* of proof is *or* falls on him sobre él recae la tarea de demostrar su inocencia

*by way of* proof a modo de prueba they quoted from her letters by way of proof he pointed to her bulging cheeks as if by way of proof

to *give* *or* *show* proof of sth/that ... demostrar algo/que ... anyone chartering a boat must show proof of experience the pictures showed proof that he was still alive

you will need proof of *identity* necesitará algo que acredite su identidad

to be *living* proof of sth ser prueba viviente de algo he is living proof that some players just get better with age for most Israelis, the presence of Jews in East Jerusalem is living proof that their capital has been united

proof *positive* prueba (f) concluyente they want proof positive of the results we are getting ..., proof positive that ... rich people actually paid to live like this: proof positive that money didn't automatically confer brains on anyone the Windermere Golf Club is proof positive that golf and ecology can co-exist in perfect harmony the popularity of open-air markets and car boot sales is proof positive of the healthy demand for bargain goods

to obtain a refund you must produce proof of *purchase* para cualquier devolución necesitará el comprobante de compra

2 (test, trial) prueba (f)to *put* sth to the proof poner algo a prueba these people put one's good faith to the proof he wanted to put his fear to the proof

the proof of the pudding (is in the eating) para saber si algo es bueno hay que probarlo the company has kept a tight rein on costs and stock levels - proof of the pudding is that sales are up 5 percent the International Athletes Club has done a very good job, and I think the proof of the pudding is in the eating, in that the Club is represented on the British Board today the new project is very exciting... this will be the proof of the pudding - if we can show it is technically and economically viable I believe we will have a real success

3 (Tip) (Fot) prueba (f) he took the proof of the editorial into Thomas Marlowe's room

to *correct* *or* *read* the proofs corregir las pruebas she was reading the proofs of a novel to be published later in the year I'm correcting the proofs of the Spanish edition right now in June 1944 Pasternak corrected the proofs the book is in proof the first few chapters had already been set up in proof the book must have been written, if not already in proof, by the time all this happened the first chapter was circulated in proof in the summer of 1935 to [pass] the proofs (for printing)

4 [of alcohol] graduación (f) (alcohólica) it is 70 degrees proof tiene una graduación del 40%; (US) tiene una graduación del 35%

a glass of Wild Turkey bourbon: 101 degrees proof

*over* proof con una graduación alcohólica superior al 57,1%

*under* *or* *below* proof con una graduación alcohólica inferior al 57,1%

5 (security, safeguard) protección (f);against contra knowledge is no proof against certain kinds of disaster el saber no es protección contra ciertas clases de desastre

a small pinch of this medicine was the best proof against the disease