An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (no more than)
a. solo
I have been married only once.Me he casado solo una vez.
b. solamente
I was told only five northern white rhinos are still alive in the world.Me dijeron que solamente existen cinco rinocerontes blancos del norte en todo el mundo.
2. (exclusively)
a. solo
This is an honor reserved only for important people.Este es un honor que se reserva solo para gente importante.
b. solamente
Only people with boarding passes are permitted beyond this point.Solamente personas con pases de abordar se permiten más allá de este punto.
c. únicamente
Only people older than 21 years old can enter the bar.Únicamente gente de 21 años o más puede entrar al bar.
3. (merely)
a. solamente
I'm only an assistant. My boss makes those decisions.Solamente soy un asistente. Mi jefe toma esas decisiones.
b. simplemente
Oh, come on! I was only joking.Vamos, que simplemente estaba bromeando.
4. (no longer ago than)
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
I saw them only last week and they seemed happy. I can't believe they broke up.Los vi apenas hace una semana y parecían felices. No puedo creer que hayan roto.
It seems like only yesterday that we were getting married, and now we're celebrating our 25th anniversary.Parece que solo fue ayer que nos casamos, y ahora estamos celebrando nuestro 25 aniversario.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
5. (one)
a. único
This tree is the only one of its species.Este árbol es el único de su especie.
A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, clauses, or sentences (e.g. The cat and the dog slept.).
6. (adversative)
a. pero
I'd really like to go, only I have to work that day.De veras me gustaría ir, pero tengo que trabajar ese día.
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An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (general)
a. único(a)
only childhijo(a) único(a)
you are not the only oneno eres el único
the only thing that worries me is…lo único que me preocupa es…
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
2. (general)
a. solamente, sólo
I only touched itno hice más que tocarlo
it's only naturales (más que) natural
I shall be only too pleased to comeme encantará acudir
if only they knew!, if they only knew!¡si ellos supieran!
not only…, but also…no sólo…, sino también…
I saw her only yesterdayla vi ayer mismo
I only just managed itpor poco no lo consigo
it's only me(sólo) soy yo
A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, clauses, or sentences (e.g. The cat and the dog slept.).
3. (general)
a. sólo que, pero
I would do it only I haven't the timelo haría, sólo que no tengo tiempo
only [ˈəʊnlɪ]
your only hope is to hide la única posibilidad que te queda es esconderte
it's the only one left es el único que queda
"I'm tired" — "you're not the only one!" —estoy cansado —¡no eres el único!
the only thing I don't like about it is ... lo único que no me gusta de esto es ...
their only son his only response was to laugh I was the only one who turned up the only thing is that it's too late
The adverb [only] commonly translates as [solo]. In the past, when this was used as an adverb, it was usually written with an accent ([sólo]). Nowadays the [Real Academia Española] advises that the accented form is only required where there might otherwise be confusion with the adjective [solo].
1 (no more than) solo; sólo; solamente
he's only ten solo or solamente tiene diez años; we only have five solo or solamente tenemos cinco; what, only five? ¿cómo, cinco nada más?; ¿cómo, solo or solamente cinco?
it will only take a minute it weighs only a few ounces
2 (merely)
I'm only the porter no soy más que el portero; I'm only a porter soy un simple portero; I only touched it no hice más que tocarlo; it's only to be expected cabe de esperar
I can only say how sorry I am at the moment it is only a theory it's not like that - it only seems that way we can only hope the police can only guess at the scale of the problem she appeared to have changed considerably, which was only to be expected legalizing prostitution will only cause problems only think of the situation! only [to] think of it!
he raced onto the platform only to find the train pulling out llegó corriendo al andén para encontrarse con que el tren estaba saliendo
you only have to askyou have only to ask no tienes más que pedirlo; solo tienes que pedirlo
it's only fair to tell him lo mínimo que puedes hacer es decírselo
it's only fair to tell him that you've had a sex change
I was only joking lo he dicho en broma
that only makes matters worse eso solo empeora las cosas
I will only say that ... diré solamente que ...; solo diré que ...
I only wish he were here now ojalá estuviese ahora aquí
3 (exclusively) solo
a ticket for one person only un billete para una persona solo
only when I ...
members only solo socios
God only knows! ¡Dios sabe!
only time will tell solo el tiempo puede decirlo
a women-only therapy group un grupo de terapia solo para mujeres
4 (not until)
I've only recently met him hace poco que lo conocí
5 (no longer ago than)
I saw her only yesterday ayer mismo la vi; la vi ayer nomás; (LAm) recién ayer la vi; (LAm) it seems like only yesterday that ... parece que fue ayer cuando ...
6 (in phrases)
only just
the hole was only just big enough el agujero era lo justo; I've only just arrived acabo de llegar ahora mismo; no he hecho más que llegar; it fits him, but only just le cabe pero le queda muy justo
not only ... but also
not only was he late but he also forgot the tickets no solo llegó tarde sino que además olvidó las entradas; a machine that is not only efficient but looks good as well una máquina que no solo es eficaz sino también atractiva
only too
I'd be only too pleased to help estaría encantado de or me encantaría poder ayudar(les); it is only too true por desgracia es verdad or cierto; I knew only too well what would happen sabía demasiado bien lo que iba a pasar
they were only too happy glad to oblige
solo que; pero
it's a bit like my house, only nicer es un poco como mi casa, solo que or pero más bonita; I would gladly do it, only I shall be away lo haría de buena gana, solo que or pero voy a estar fuera
it's very good only rather dear drop in and see me when you're ready - only don't take too long about it I'd be quite happy to go, only I don't know what my kids would say about living there you can play outside, only don't go into the street
only child (n) hijoahija (m) (f) únicoaúnica;a hija a única
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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