Spanish to English

-ón

-ón(
ohn
)
A suffix is an affix that is added to the end of a word to create a new word with a different meaning (e.g. philia, ism).
suffix
1. (physics)
a. -on
La primera pregunta del examen era "Define qué son los protones, los neutrones y los electrones".The first question on the exam was "Define protons, neutrons, and electrons."
2. (chemistry)
a. -on
¿Cuál es el número atómico del radón?What's the atomic number of radon?
3. (used as augmentative)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Sirve la sopa con un cucharón, no con una cuchara.Serve the soup with a ladle, not with a spoon.
Nos burlamos de Marcelo porque es cabezón.We make fun of Marcelo because he's got a huge noggin.
4. (used to form pejorative adjectives and nouns)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Gerardo será un simplón, pero tiene un buen corazón.Gerardo might be simple, but he has a good heart.
No creo que mi hermano se vaya a casar. Es un solterón.I don't think my brother is ever going to get married. He's a confirmed bachelor.
5. (used to indicate a sudden or violent action)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
El sacudón lanzó a varios pasajeros al suelo.A sudden violent jolt knocked several passengers off their feet.
Recién volvió la luz. El apagón duró cuatro horas.We just got power back. The blackout lasted four hours.
6. (used to indicate absence)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Mi perro es rabón. Esa es una característica de la raza.My dog is tailless. That's a characteristic of his breed.
Tomás es pelón y siempre usa un sombrero para cubrir su cabeza.Tomas is a baldy and always wears a hat to cover his head.
7. (used to indicate approximate age)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Mi vecino es un cincuentón que está obsesionado con los coches antiguos.My neighbor is a man in his fifties who is obsessed with old cars.
Sofía está en pareja con un cuarentón.Sofia is dating a forty-something-year-old man.
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