no poder(
An auxiliary verb, or helper verb, is a conjugated verb that comes before a main verb and determines the main verb's tense, mood, or aspect (e.g. I have gone.).
auxiliary verb
1. (to not have the capability to)
a. not be able to
Es desesperante tener tanta injusticia delante y no poder hacer nada.It's infuriating to witness so much injustice and not be able to do anything about it.
b. to be unable to
Mi marido tiene un pésimo sentido de la orientación. No puede leer un mapa.My husband has a dreadful sense of direction. He's unable to read a map.
c. cannot
Yo no puedo bailar tan bien como mi hermana.I cannot dance as well as my sister does.
Pablo es un buen pianista pero no puede cantar.Pablo is a good pianist but he cannot sing.
2. (to not have permission to)
a. to not be allowed to
Los menores de 16 años no pueden comprar alcohol.Those under 16 are not allowed to buy alcohol.
b. cannot
Aquí no puedes fumar, tendrás que salir afuera.You cannot smoke here. You'll have to go outside.
c. may not
Papá, ¿puedo ir a una fiesta esta noche en la disco? - No, no puedes.Dad, may I go to a party tonight at the disco? - No, you may not.
3. (used to express impossibility)
a. cannot
No puede ser que no se hayan dado cuenta de que estamos aquí.They cannot have not noticed that we are here.
Se equivocó de día. Es mañana cuando tiene cita con el doctor. - No puede ser.You've got the day wrong. It's tomorrow that you have an appointment with the doctor. - That's impossible.
4. (used to express moral obligation)
a. cannot
No puedo dejarles tirados después de todo lo que hicieron por mí.I cannot let them down after everything they've done for me.
No podían por menos que dar apoyo moral a su hijo.The least they could do was to give moral support to their son.
An intransitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and does not require a direct object (e.g. Everybody please stand up.).
intransitive verb phrase
5. (to not tolerate; often used with "con")
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
No puedo con su marido; es repugnante.I can't stand her husband; he's revolting.
No sé cómo Ana puede con un jefe así.I don't know how Ana puts up with a boss like that.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
No puedo con este calor. ¡Es demasiado!I can't stand this heat. It's too much!
Ya sé que este trabajo es mi única fuente de ingresos, pero no puedo más.I know this job is my only source of income, but I can't stand it any longer.
6. (to not be able to deal with; used with "con")
a. to not manage
Yo no podría con tanta responsabilidad como ella.I could not manage the responsibility she has.
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