nerve

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USAGE NOTE
This word is usually preceded by the definite article in the senses shown in 2) and 3).
nerve(
nuhrv
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
noun
1. (anatomy)
a. el nervio
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(M)
Peggy is in bed recuperating with a damaged nerve in her foot.Peggy está en cama recuperándose de un nervio dañado en el pie.
2. (courage)
a. el valor
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(M)
Mark didn't have the nerve to parachute out of the airplane.Mark no tuvo el valor para saltar del avión en paracaídas.
b. el coraje
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(M)
Thanks to Tracy's nerve, they were able to sneak in and get the evidence they needed.Gracias al coraje de Tracy, pudieron entrar y obtener las pruebas que necesitaban.
c. la sangre fría
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(F)
He had the nerve to attack the enemy even though he was outnumbered.Tuvo la sangre fría de atacar al enemigo a pesar de tener un número inferior de tropas.
3. (boldness)
a. el descaro
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(M)
The landlord had the nerve to charge me for electricity, and then not pay the bill for the building.El casero tuvo el descaro de cobrarme la luz, y luego no pagar la cuenta del edificio.
b. la cara
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(F)
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
I can't believe she had the nerve to insult Nikki like that!¡No puedo creer que haya tenido la cara de insultar a Nikki así!
c. la cara dura
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(F)
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
Frank had the nerve to lie to me right after promising to be honest.Frank tuvo la cara dura de mentirme justo después de prometerme que iba a ser honesto.
d. la caradura
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(F)
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
My roommate had the nerve to ask me for a loan while taking her new laptop out of the box.My compañera de casa tuvo la caradura de pedirme un préstamo mientras sacaba su nueva laptop de la caja.
e. la frescura
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(F)
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
Luke walked into my office and had the nerve to put his feet on my desk.Luke entró a mi oficina y tuvo la frescura de subir los pies a mi escritorio.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
4. (to steel)
a. armarse de valor
She nerved herself to steal his wallet while he slept, but was interrupted by the dog.Se armó de valor para robarle la cartera mientras dormía, pero fue interrumpida por el perro.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
adjective
5. (of nerves)
a. nervioso
Many of his nerve cells were damaged from abusing drugs for years.Muchas de sus células nerviosas se dañaron tras años de abuso de drogas.
b. neurálgico
Susan suffers from nerve pain in her lower back.Susan sufre de dolor neurálgico en la parte baja de su espalda.
nerves
A plural noun indicates that there is more than one person, place, thing, or idea.
plural noun
6. (anxiety)
a. los nervios
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(M)
My mother is obsessive and suffers from nerves.Mi madre es obsesiva y padece de los nervios.
b. el nerviosismo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(M)
I suffered from nerves for three years after surviving the building collapse.Sufrí de nerviosismo por tres años después de sobrevivir el derrumbe del edificio.
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
nerve
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
Noun
1. (anatomy)
a. el nervio
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(M)
2. (colloquial)
a.
she gets on my nerves!¡me saca de quicio!
her nerves were in a terrible statetenía los nervios destrozados
3. (anatomy)
a.
nerve cellneurona f
4. (fig)
a.
nerve centercentro m neurálgico
nerve endingterminación nerviosa
nerve gasgas nervioso
5. (courage)
a. la sangre fría
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(F)
to have nerves of steeltener nervios de acero
to keep/lose one's nervemantener/perder la calma
6. (colloquial)
a. el cara dura, descaro
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(M)
(cheek)
what a nerve!¡qué cara más dura!
you've got a nerve!¡qué cara tienes!
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
7. (general)
a.
to nerve oneself to do somethingtemplar los nervios para hacer algo
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
nerve [nɜːv]
noun
1 (Anat) (Bot) nervio (m)
my nerves are on edge tengo los nervios de punta
it/he gets on my nerves me pone los nervios de punta or me saca de quicio
to be living on one's nerves vivir en estado de tensión constante
to have nerves of steel tener nervios de acero
to strain every nerve to do sth hacer un esfuerzo supremo por hacer algo
2 nerves (tension) nerviosismo (m); nervios (m); excitabilidad (f) nerviosa
she suffers from nerves padece de los nervios; sufre trastornos nerviosos
a fit of nerves un ataque de nervios
to be in a state of nerves estar muy nervioso; estar hipertenso
3 (courage) valor (m)
he didn't have the nerve to do it no tuvo el valor de hacerlo
I wouldn't have the nerve to do that! ¡yo no me atrevería a hacer eso!
to hold or keep one's nerve mantenerse firme; no amilanarse
to lose one's nerve perder el valor; rajarse (informal)
it takes some nerve to do that hace falta mucho valor or mucha sangre fría para hacer eso
4 (cheek) caradura (informal) (f); cara (informal) (f)
of all the nerve! the nerve of it!
what a nerve! ¡qué caradura! (informal); ¡qué frescura! (informal)
you've got a nerve! ¡qué cara tienes! (informal); ¡eres un caradura! (informal)
he had the nerve to ask for money tuvo la cara de pedir dinero (informal)
transitive verb
to nerve o.s. to do sth armarse de valor para hacer algo
he had to nerve himself to ask her out
modifier
nerve cell (n) neurona (f); célula (f) nerviosa
nerve centre nerve center (US) (n) centro (m) nervioso; punto (m) neurálgico
nerve gas (n) gas (m) nervioso
nerve specialist (n) neurólogoaneuróloga (m) (f);a neuróloga
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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