transition;a to;de from
período de transición transitional period; la transición (España) (Política) the transition to democracy after Franco's death; (to democracy after Franco's death)
The death of General Franco on 20 November 1975 ushered in a period of transition to democracy in Spain which was to end with the democratic transfer of power to the PSOE (Spanish Socialist Party) on 28 November 28 1982.
On 22 November 1975 Juan Carlos I was proclaimed king. Though initially handicapped by a constitutional system devised by Franco, the King was able to appoint the aperturista Adolfo Suárez as Prime Minister in July 1976.
Within three months Suárez rushed through a political reform bill introducing universal suffrage and a two-chamber parliament which was put to a referendum and endorsed by 94.2% of the electorate. Political parties were legalized and elections were held on 15 June 1977. Suárez and his party, the newly-formed UCD (Unión de Centro Democrático), won without gaining an overall majority. Through accords with the other parties - the Pactos de la Moncloa - they were able to manage the transitional process, which included the drafting and endorsement of the 1978 Constitution.