echarse a perder
A pronominal verb phrase combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Se dio cuenta del problema.)
pronominal verb phrase
1. (to deteriorate)
a. to go bad
Se cortó la luz y la comida en el refrigerador se echó a perder.The power went out and the food in the fridge went bad.
b. to go off
Toda la fruta que tenía fuera de la nevera se echó a perder por el calor.All the fruit I had outside the fridge went off because of the heat.
c. to spoil
La mayonesa se echó a perder y tuvimos que tirarla.The mayonnaise spoiled and we had to throw it away.
2. (to ruin)
a. to be spoiled
Mi hijo descubrió los regalos que había yo dejado debajo de la cama, y la sorpresa se echó a perder.My son found the presents I had left under the bed, and the surprise was spoiled.
b. to get ruined
Si llueve, se echarán a perder nuestros planes de fin de semana.If it rains, our plans for the weekend will be ruined.
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echar a perder
A transitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and requires a direct object (e.g. Take out the trash.).
transitive verb phrase
3. (to mess up)
4. (to deteriorate)
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