duty
Listen to an audio pronunciation
Listen to an audio pronunciation
duty(
du
-
di
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (obligation)
a. el deber
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
It is your duty to arrive on time.Es tu deber llegar a tiempo.
b. la obligación
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
You have a duty to help take care of your daughter.Tienes la obligación de ayudar a cuidar a tu hija.
2. (tax)
a. el derecho
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
How much is the import duty on shoes?¿Cuánto es el derecho de importación del calzado?
b. el impuesto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Let's buy some perfume at the duty-free shop at the airport.Vamos a comprar perfume en la tienda libre de impuestos del aeropuerto.
3. (military)
a. el servicio
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Carl was called to duty in Iraq.A Carl lo llamaron al servicio en Iraq.
duties
A plural noun indicates that there is more than one person, place, thing, or idea.
plural noun
4. (responsibility)
a. las funciones
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Your duties will be explained at the first meeting. Se te explicarán tus funciones en la primera reunión.
b. las responsabilidades
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Your duties include making sure that all vehicles are fueled every morning. Tus responsabilidades incluyen asegurarse de que todos los vehículos estén cargados de combustible cada mañana.
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
duty
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (obligation)
a. el deber
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
to do one's dutycumplir (uno) con su deber
he failed in his dutyfaltó a or no cumplió con su deber
I shall make it my duty to…yo me ocuparé de…
it is your duty to…tu deber es…
2. (task)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
dutiestareas fpl
she took up or assumed her dutiesse incorporó a su puesto
she carried out or performed her duties welldesempeñó bien su trabajo
3. (of soldier, employee)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
to be on dutyestar de servicio
to be off dutyestar fuera de servicio
4. (military)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
tour of dutydestino m
duty rosterrota de guardias
5. (finance)
a. el derecho m, impuesto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(tax)
to pay duty on somethingpagar derechos or impuestos por algo
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
duty [ˈdjuːtɪ]
noun
1 (moral, legal) deber (m); obligación (f)
it is my duty to inform you that ... es mi deber or obligación informarles de que ...; I feel it to be my duty creo que es mi deber; it was his duty to tell the police su deber era decírselo a la policía
I am duty bound to say that ... es mi deber decir que ...
to do one's duty (by sb) cumplir con su deber (hacia algn, para con algn)
to fail in one's duty faltar a su deber
to make it one's duty to do sth encargarse de hacer algo
it is no part of my duty to do this no me corresponde a mí hacer esto
out of a sense of duty por sentido del deber
2 (task, responsibility) función (f); responsabilidad (f)
my duties consist of ... mis funciones or responsabilidades son ...
to do duty as servir de
to do duty for servir en lugar de
to neglect one's duties faltar a sus responsabilidades
to be off duty (gen) estar libre
an off duty policeman un policía fuera de servicio
to be on duty (Med) [+doctor, nurse, sentry] estar de guardia; [+policeman] estar de servicio; (Admin) (Educ) estar de turno
to go on duty entrar de servicio
to take up one's duties entrar en funciones
3 (Economics) (tax) derechos (m)
to pay duty on sth pagar derechos por algo
modifier
duty call (n) visita (f) de cumplido
duty officer (n) (Mil) oficial (m) de servicio
duty roster duty rota (n) lista (f) de turnos
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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