English to Spanish

confine

confine(
kuhn
-
fayn
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (to restrict)
a. limitar
The time shortage confined each journalist to only one question during the press conference.La falta de tiempo limitó a cada periodista a una sola pregunta durante la rueda de prensa.
b. restringir
Local laws confine bars and nightclubs to this part of the city.Las leyes locales restringen los bares y las discotecas a esta parte de la ciudad.
2. (to retain)
a. confinar
The doctors confined the patient to a padded room after his psychotic break.Los doctores confinaron al paciente a un cuarto acolchado después de su brote psicótico.
b. recluir
The police confined the suspect to a dark cell while things were sorted out.La policía recluyó al sospechoso en una celda oscura mientras se aclaraban las cosas.
c. encerrar
Because mountains, rivers, and the sea confine the city, it would be difficult to build out.Como las montañas, los ríos y el mar encierran la ciudad, sería difícil construir más.
3. (military; used in passive voice)
a. arrestar
The private is confined to base for one week for fighting.El soldado raso está arrestado en la base por una semana por haberse peleado.
4. (to involve one place; used in passive voice)
a. solo afectar
The flood was confined to the area of the city surrounding the waterfront.La inundación solo afectó al área de la ciudad alrededor del litoral.
5. (to keep in a place; used in passive voice)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
After a week of being confined to his room, John was relieved to be out in the fresh air.Tras una semana de no poder dejar su cuarto, John se sintió aliviado de estar al aire libre.
Yolanda was confined to bed for over a month with her illness.Yolanda tuvo que guardar cama durante más de un mes por su enfermedad.
confines
A plural noun indicates that there is more than one person, place, thing, or idea.
plural noun
6. (perimeter)
a. los confines
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(M)
The sale of alcohol is prohibited within the confines of this town.La venta de alcohol está prohibida dentro de los confines de este pueblo.
7. (parameters)
a. los límites
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(M)
We need to operate within the confines of the law.Tenemos que actuar dentro de los límites de la ley.
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confine
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (imprison)
a. confinar, recluir
to be confined to bedtener que guardar cama
to be confined to barracksquedarse arrestado(a) en el cuartel
in a confined spaceen un espacio limitado
2. (limit)
a.
to confine oneself to somethinglimitarse a algo
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
confine [kənˈfaɪn]
transitive verb
1 (imprison) encerrar;in, to en
to be confined to bed tener que guardar cama; to be confined to one's room no poder dejar su cuarto
2 (limit) limitar
to confine o.s. to doing sth limitarse a hacer algo; please confine yourself to the facts por favor, limítese a los hechos; the damage is confined to this part el daño afecta solo a esta parte; this bird is confined to Spain esta ave existe únicamente en España
3 (Med)
to be confined [+woman] estar de parto
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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