When used as an adjective, "ciento uno" becomes "ciento un" before masculine nouns and feminine nouns that begin with a stressed "a-" or "ha-" sound.
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An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
a. one hundred and one
Deben haberse equivocado porque la caja traía ciento un lápices en vez de cien.They must have made a mistake because the box contained one hundred and one pencils instead of one hundred.
Teníamos solo cien puestos y llegaron ciento una personas a la reunión.We only had one hundred seats, and one hundred and one people came to the meeting.
b. a hundred and one
Raúl contó hasta ciento una ovejas y se quedó dormido.Raul counted up to a hundred and one sheep and fell asleep.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
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