Listen to an audio pronunciation
Listen to an audio pronunciation
A suffix is an affix that is added to the end of a word to create a new word with a different meaning (e.g. philia, ism).
1. (of or belonging to; used with nouns to form adjectives)
a. -ico
A famous British tennis player was spotted on the beach in Jamaica.Un famoso jugador de tenis británico fue visto en la playa en Jamaica.
b. -és
We enjoyed the authentic Danish pastries on our visit to Copenhagen.Disfrutamos de los auténticos pastelillos daneses en nuestra visita a Copenhague.
c. -ol
They serve paella at the Spanish restaurant on the weekends.Sirven paella en el restaurante español los fines de semana.
2. (typical or characteristic of; used with nouns to form adjectives)
a. -il
I don't play with dolls anymore. That's too babyish for me.Ya no juego con muñecas. Eso es demasiado infantil para mí.
b. de (preposition)
Frank surprised everyone when he let out a girlish scream.Frank sorprendió a todos cuando soltó un grito de niña.
3. (inclined or tending to; used with nouns to form adjectives)
a. -esco
I'm surprised to learn you're dating a dancer. I thought you like bookish women.Me sorprende que estés saliendo con una bailarina. Pensé que te gustaban las mujeres librescas.
4. (having the approximate age of; used with nouns to form adjectives)
a. de unos (phrase)
How old is Tom? - I don't know. Fortyish, maybe.¿Cuántos años tiene Tom? - No lo sé. Será de unos cuarenta años, quizá.
b. -ón
Francesca has got to be fiftyish, but she looks like she's thirty.Francesca debe ser cincuentona, pero parece que tuviera treinta.
5. (somewhat or rather)
a. -izo
Veronica died her hair a reddish blonde.Verónico se tiñó el cabello de rubio rojizo.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
I have an oldish car, but it's well maintained.Tengo un coche que está algo viejo, pero está bien mantenido.
She was dressed in a longish dress and an outdated coat.Llevaba un vestido más bien largo y un abrigo pasado de moda.
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