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See the entry for-al.
See the entry forAL.


A suffix is an affix that is added to the end of a word to create a new word with a different meaning (e.g. philia, ism).
1. (used with nouns to form adjectives)
a. -al
The president spoke to the nation about national security.El presidente habló con la nación sobre la seguridad nacional.
b. -ico
The dictator silences political speech that he doesn't agree with.El dictador silencia el discurso político con el que no está de acuerdo.
c. -ero
Amanda grew up in a coastal town.Amanda se crio en un pueblo costero.
2. (used with verbs to form nouns)
a. -encia
Every day is a struggle for survival in the refugee camp.Cada día es una lucha por la sobrevivencia en el campo de refugiados.
b. -ción
The concierge is at your disposal during your stay in the hotel.El conserje está a su disposición durante su estancia en el hotel.
c. -ón
The director ordered the removal of information that could implicate the company in fraud.El director ordenó la supresión de la información que podría implicar a la empresa en el fraude.
d. -iva
Her refusal to answer questions directly is infuriating.Su negativa a contestar preguntas directamente es irritante.
e. -miento
The judge ordered the dismissal of the case.El juez ordenó el sobreseimiento del caso.
f. -ente
An influential voice for peace in the government has died.Una voz influyente para la paz en el gobierno ha muerto.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Tom went to the bank to make a withdrawal.Tom fue al banco para hacer un retiro.
You are a very interesting individual.Eres un individuo muy interesante.
3. (used with nouns to form nouns)
a. -ario
Bill writes about important events in his life in his journal.Bill escribe sobre eventos importantes de su vida en su diario.
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