While both ser and estar can translate to to be in English, they aren't interchangeable in Spanish.
If this general rule is too vague for you, think of the acronym DOT. Ser is used for:
- Descriptions of a person or thing
- Origins of a person or thing
In this article we'll take a look at the D in DOT: Descriptions. Let's get started!
Descriptions with Ser
Ser is used for all permanent/long-term and personal descriptions. You can use ser to answer the question How would you describe ____?
In other words, ser is used with the essential qualities that define a person or thing and that are not likely to change in the near future. These can be names, physical descriptions, occupations, personal relationships, and religion, among others.