Explanation

Quick Answer

Putting together your árbol genealógico(family tree) in Spanish? This article has all the vocabulary you'll need!

familytree

Basic Terms

Let's start with the most basic words you'll need to talk about family in Spanish.

SpanishEnglishSpanishEnglish
madre
mother
mamá
mom/mum
padre
father
papá
dad
hermana
sister
hermano
brother
hermana mayor
older sister/big sister
hermano mayor
older brother/big brother
hermana menor/hermanitayounger sister/little sisterhermano menor/hermanitoyounger brother/little brother
abuela
grandmother
abuelita
grandma/grandmom
abuelo
grandfather
abuelito
grandpa/granddad
nieta
granddaughter
nieto
grandson
tía
aunt
tío
uncle
sobrina
niece
sobrino
nephew
primo/primo hermanocousin, boy cousinprima/prima hermanacousin, girl cousin

More Terms

Let's expand the family a bit more!

SpanishEnglishSpanishEnglish
madrastra/madre políticastepmothermadrastra/madre políticastepmom/stepmum
padrastro/padre políticostepfatherpadrastro/padre políticostepdad
hermanastra
stepsister
hermanastro
stepbrother
media hermana
half sister
medio hermano
half brother
suegra/madre políticamother-in-lawsuegro/padre políticofather-in-law
cuñada
sister-in-law
cuñado
brother-in-law
nuera
daughter-in-law
yerno
son-in-law

Even More Terms!

Let's expand the family even more! After all, a family tree should include many generations!

SpanishEnglishSpanishEnglish
bisabuela
great-grandmother
bisabuelo
great-grandfather
tatarabuela
great-great-grandmother
tatarabuelo
great-great-grandfather
tía abuela
great-aunt/grand-aunt
tío abuelo
great-uncle/grand-uncle
sobrina nieta
grand-niece
sobrino nieto
grand-nephew
bisnieta
great-granddaughter
bisnieto
great-grandson
tataranieta
great-great-granddaughter
tataranieto
great-great-grandson
prima segunda/primo segundosecond cousin
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