Colors in Spanish

Quick Answer

¿Rojo(red)? ¿Verde(green)? ¿Azul(blue)? ¿Cuál es tu color favorito?(What is your favorite color?)

In this article, you'll learn colors in Spanish so you can express your preferences, describe your surroundings, and talk about human attributes.

colores en español

Basic Color Terms

Here is a list of the major color words in Spanish and their translations:

SpanishEnglish
amarillo
yellow
azul
blue
blanco
white
gris
gray
marrón/ cafébrown
morado/ púrpurapurple
naranja/ anaranjadoorange
negro
black
rojo
red
rosado/ rosapink
verde
green
violeta
violet

Shades of Color

Now that you know the basic color terms in Spanish, it’s time to have some fun! Whether you are painting a picture or decorating your home, knowing different shades of color makes things more interesting.

SpanishEnglish
aguamarina
aquamarine
azul aciano
cornflower blue
azul bebé
baby blue
azul celeste
light blue / sky blue
azul cobalto
cobalt blue
azul marino
navy blue
azul pervinca
periwinkle
azul turquesa
turquoise
azur
azure
beige/ beisbeige
bermellón
vermilion
bronce
bronze
burdeos
burgundy
carmesí
crimson
carmín
carmine
celeste
light blue / sky blue
cerúleo
cerulean
cian
cyan
cobre
copper
color aceituna
olive
color champán
champagne
color guinda
cerise
color índigo/ color añilindigo
color marfil
ivory
coral
coral
fucsia
fuchsia
granate
maroon
lavanda
lavender
lila
lilac
magenta
magenta
malva
mauve
marrón claro/ café clarotan
oro/ doradogold
plateado/ color platasilver
salmón
salmon
verde azulado
teal
verde esmeralda
emerald
verde jade
jade
verde lima
lime green

Hues

There will be times when you’ll want to describe the degree of lightness, darkness, or strength of a certain color. Here is a list of helpful adjectives that can be used to describe the hue of a color:

brillante
bright
claro
light / pale
intenso
deep
mate
dull / matte
neón
neon
oscuro
dark

Let's take a look at how these are used in Spanish!

examples
Había cientos de floreros llenos de flores amarillas brillantes.
There were hundreds of vases full of bright yellow flowers.
Quiere pintar las paredes de azul claro.
She wants to paint the walls light blue.

Putting Colors in Context

The next step in this lesson is to learn how to put these color terms in context to express your preferences, describe your surroundings, and talk about human attributes.

Expressing Preferences

One of the easiest ways to practice colors in Spanish is to talk about your preferences.

examples
¿Cuál es tu color favorito? - Mi color favorito es lavanda.
What is your favorite color? - My favorite color is lavender.
Me gusta el color azul.
I like the color blue.
iNo me gusta nada el color naranja!
I don’t like the color orange at all!

Describing your Surroundings

When used as an adjective, a color must agree with the noun it describes in gender and in number.

  • Colors that end in o in the masculine singular form have four possible endings: o , a , os , or as.
  • Colors that end in e or a consonant do not change according to gender. They agree with both masculine and feminine nouns in the singular form, though they do change for number. To make these colors plural, add an s to the singular ending.

Seris used instead of estarto describe the color of an object.

For example:

examples
La bufanda es morada.
The scarf is purple.
Las sábanas son blancas.
The sheets are white.
Hay cuatro pájaros grises.
There are four gray birds.
Me gustan las paredes verdes.
I like green walls.

Describing Human Attributes

When talking about eye color and skin color (besides brown), we can use the basic color terms.

For example:

examples
Tengo los ojos azules.
I have blue eyes.
Tiene la piel blanca y pálida.
She has pale, white skin.

When talking about someone’s hair color (and sometimes skin color) in Spanish, these color terms are often changed.

I have brown hair.

Tengo el cabello castaño.

Tengo el cabello moreno.

Tengo el cabello marrón.

I can’t stand my gray hair.

No soporto mi pelo gris.

No soporto mi pelo canoso.