Quick answer
"Withstand" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "soportar", and "endure" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "aguantar". Learn more about the difference between "withstand" and "endure" below.
withstand
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to resist)
a. soportar
There are metals that can withstand tremendous heat.Existen metales que pueden soportar temperaturas enormemente elevadas.
b. resistir
The bank's security was barely able to withstand the cyber attack.La seguridad del banco apenas logró resistir el ataque cibernético.
c. aguantar
Lou withstood the cramp in his leg and finished the race in third place.Lou aguantó el calambre de la pierna y terminó la carrera en el tercer lugar.
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endure(
ihn
-
door
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to suffer)
a. aguantar
If you cannot endure the pain, we can give you an anesthetic.Si no puede aguantar el dolor, podemos darle anestesia.
b. soportar
I've had to endure a lot of hardship in my life.He tenido que soportar muchas dificultades en mi vida.
2. (to tolerate)
a. soportar
I won't endure any more complaints from you two.No soportaré más quejas de ustedes dos.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
3. (to last)
a. perdurar
Surely this is a friendship that will endure forever.Seguramente esta es un amistad que perdurará para siempre.
b. durar
The band is very popular now, but I don't think their success will endure.La banda es muy popular ahora, pero yo no creo que su éxito dure.
4. (to not give up)
a. resistir
Everyone thought he would die of the disease, but he endured.Todos pensaron que moriría de la enfermedad, pero resistió.
b. aguantar
The prisoner was in a lot of pain, but she knew she had to endure if she was going to escape.La prisionera tenía mucho dolor, pero sabía que tenía que aguantar para escapar.
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