Quick answer
"Withdraw" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "retirar", and "retreat" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "retirarse". Learn more about the difference between "withdraw" and "retreat" below.
withdraw(
wihth
-
dra
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to move away)
a. retirar
When he saw me watching him, he quickly withdrew his hand from the plate.Cuando me vio mirándolo, retiró muy rápido la mano del plato.
b. apartar
When Mark went to kiss her, she withdrew her face.Cuando Mark fue a besarla, ella le apartó la cara.
2. (finance)
a. retirar
You can also withdraw funds from your account online.También puede retirar fondos de su cuenta en línea.
b. sacar
I need to withdraw some cash from the ATM.Necesito sacar algo de efectivo del cajero.
3. (to pull out)
a. retirar (from a country)
It was the first time a country withdrew its ambassador from another member state.Era la primera vez que un país retiraba a su embajador de otro estado miembro.
b. sacar (from school)
Her parents withdrew her from the conservatory for no apparent reason.Sus padres la sacaron del conservatorio sin motivo aparente.
4. (military)
a. retirar
The king finally decided to withdraw his army from the enemy country.Finalmente, el rey decidió retirar su ejército del país enemigo.
5. (to discard)
a. retirar del mercado (product)
The company withdrew some cars with faulty air bags.La compañía retiró del mercado algunos autos con airbags defectuosos.
b. retirar de la circulación (coin or note)
Some of the £50 notes were withdrawn on 30 April 2014.Algunos billetes de £50 fueron retirados de la circulación el 30 de abril de 2014.
6. (to cancel)
a. retirar
I decided to withdraw my support from the campaign for ethical reasons.Decidí retirar mi apoyo a la campaña por cuestiones éticas.
7. (to retract)
a. retractarse de
The two women withdrew their accusations against the governor the following day.Al día siguiente, las dos mujeres se retractaron de sus acusaciones contra el gobernador.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
8. (to pull out)
a. retirarse
The team has decided to withdraw from the competition.El equipo decidió retirarse de la competencia.
9. (military)
a. retirarse
The army withdrew in an attempt to mislead the enemy.El ejército se retiró en un intento de confundir al enemigo.
10. (to leave)
a. retirarse
He was very tired and withdrew to his bedroom.Estaba muy cansado y se retiró a su habitación.
11. (to move away)
a. irse
She thanked me shyly and withdrew to a corner of the room.Me dio las gracias tímidamente y se fue a una esquina de la habitación.
12. (to isolate oneself)
a. encerrarse
After the breakup of his marriage, he withdrew into himself.Tras la ruptura de su matrimonio, se encerró en sí mismo.
b. recluirse
When her parents died, she withdrew to a convent.A la muerte de sus padres, se recluyó en un convento.
13. (to retract from)
a. retractarse de
At the trial he withdrew what he had said during his arrest.En el juicio, se retractó de lo que había dicho en el momento de su detención.
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retreat(
rih
-
trit
)
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to move back)
a. retirarse
After arguing, my father would retreat behind his newspaper.Después de discutíamos, mi padre se retiraba detrás de su periódico.
b. retroceder
The police charged, forcing the demonstrators to retreat.La policía cargó contra los manifestantes, obligándolos a retroceder.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
2. (act of moving back)
a. la retirada
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
One of Napoleon's worst defeats was the retreat from Moscow in 1812.La retirada de Moscú en 1812 fue una de las peores derrotas de Napoleón.
3. (remote location)
a. el refugio
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
She was in need of a retreat where she could forget the outside world and its problems.Necesitaba un refugio donde poder olvidarse del mundo exterior y sus problemas.
b. el retiro
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
He was invited to the president's private retreat at Camp David.Fue invitado al retiro privado del presidente en Camp David.
4. (religious)
a. el retiro
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
She's away on a Buddhist retreat.Se ha ido a un retiro budista.
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