Quick answer
"Winter" is a noun which is often translated as "el invierno", and "summer" is a noun which is often translated as "el verano". Learn more about the difference between "winter" and "summer" below.
winter(
wihn
-
duhr
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (season)
a. el invierno
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Winter is my least favorite season of the year.El invierno es mi estación menos favorita del año.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
2. (weather)
a. invernal
We've had some terrible winter weather lately.Últimamente hemos tenido un tiempo invernal terrible.
b. de invierno
I need to buy some more winter clothes.Necesito comprar más ropa de invierno.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
3. (to spend the winter; used with "in")
a. invernar
Many migratory birds winter in Africa.Muchos pájaros migratorios inviernan en África.
b. pasar el invierno
My grandparents winter in Florida and summer in Colorado.Mis abuelos pasan el invierno en Florida y el verano en Colorado.
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summer(
suh
-
muhr
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (season)
a. el verano
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
This summer we're going to Spain on vacation.Este verano iremos a España de vacaciones.
b. el estío
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(literary)
The spring passed, and summer came to the woods and fields around the village.Pasó la primavera y llegó el estío al bosque y a los campos que rodeaban el pueblo.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
2. (to spend the summer)
a. pasar el verano
Many storks summer in Spain and winter in Africa.Muchas cigüeñas pasan el verano en España y el invierno en África.
b. veranear
She used to summer at the Côte d'Azur.Solía veranear en la Costa Azul.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
3. (relative to summer)
a. veraniego
The summer period finished and autumn began.El periodo veraniego llegó a su fin y comenzó el otoño.
b. estival
Summer vacation starts next week.La próxima semana comienzan las vacaciones estivales.
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